5. Patigha, also vyapada, The literal meaning of this term is "to hit against," but it is often translated into English as "ill-will or hatred."
That's really interesting - thanks!
I wonder if that's connected to where the Buddha said he did not fight with the world, but the world fought with him.
"Do not force others, including children, by any means whatsoever, to adopt your views, whether by authority, threat, money, propaganda, or even education." - Ven. Thich Nhat Hanh
"The uprooting of identity is seen by the noble ones as pleasurable; but this contradicts what the whole world sees." (Snp 3.12)
“One to whom it might occur, ‘I’m a woman’ or ‘I’m a man’. Or ‘I’m anything at all’— Is fit for Mara to address.” (SN 5.2)