The word 'sankhara' has many applications & meanings. It is possibly the broadest word in the Pali.Sekha wrote:And since chanda is a saṅkhāra, it is abandoned like any other saṅkhāra. So on dependence on chanda, one eventually abandons chanda. Simple.There is the case where a monk — having gone to the wilderness, to the shade of a tree, or to an empty building — reflects thus: 'This is peace, this is exquisite — the stilling of all fabrications (= sabba·saṅkhāra·samatha), the relinquishment of all acquisitions, the ending of craving, dispassion, Unbinding.' This is called the perception of dispassion.
Take for example the description of the death of an arahant. It shows a certain kind of sankhara does not cease when the arahant is living.
Therefore, in the phase sabbasaṅkhārasamatho, the appropriate meaning of sankhara must be discerned. Also, samatho is generally taken to mean 'calmed' rather than 'destroyed". In short, our interpretation may not necessarily be correct, therefore, there is no need to cling to our personal view about mere theory."Then, friend Yamaka, how would you answer if you are thus asked: A monk, a worthy one, with no more mental effluents: what is he on the break-up of the body, after death?"
"Thus asked, I would answer, 'Form is inconstant... Feeling... Perception... Fabrications (sankhara)... Consciousness is inconstant. That which is inconstant is dukkha. That which is dukkha has ceased and gone to its end."
"Very good, my friend Yamaka. Very good.