AN 5.73: Dhamma-viharin Sutta — One Who Dwells in the Dhamma

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AN 5.73: Dhamma-viharin Sutta — One Who Dwells in the Dhamma

Post by mikenz66 » Fri May 08, 2015 11:46 pm

AN 5.73 PTS: A iii 86 Dhamma-viharin Sutta: One Who Dwells in the Dhamma
translated from the Pali by Thanissaro Bhikkhu


What does it mean to be truly committed to the Dhamma?
http://www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka ... .than.html

Then a certain monk went to the Blessed One and, on arrival, having bowed down to him, sat to one side. As he was sitting there he said to the Blessed One, "'One who dwells in the Dhamma, one who dwells in the Dhamma': thus it is said, lord. To what extent is a bhikkhu one who dwells in the Dhamma?"

"Monk, there is the case where a monk studies the Dhamma: dialogues, narratives of mixed prose and verse, explanations, verses, spontaneous exclamations, quotations, birth stories, amazing events, question & answer sessions.[1] He spends the day in Dhamma-study. He neglects seclusion. He doesn't commit himself to internal tranquillity of awareness. This is called a monk who is keen on study, not one who dwells in the Dhamma.

"Then there is the case where a monk takes the Dhamma as he has heard & studied it and teaches it in full detail to others. He spends the day in Dhamma-description. He neglects seclusion. He doesn't commit himself to internal tranquillity of awareness. This is called a monk who is keen on description, not one who dwells in the Dhamma.

"Then there is the case where a monk takes the Dhamma as he has heard & studied it and recites it in full detail. He spends the day in Dhamma-recitation. He neglects seclusion. He doesn't commit himself to internal tranquillity of awareness. This is called a monk who is keen on recitation, not one who dwells in the Dhamma.

"Then there is the case where a monk takes the Dhamma as he has heard & studied it and thinks about it, evaluates it, and examines it with his intellect. He spends the day in Dhamma-thinking. He neglects seclusion. He doesn't commit himself to internal tranquillity of awareness. This is called a monk who is keen on thinking, not one who dwells in the Dhamma.

"Then there is the case where a monk studies the Dhamma: dialogues, narratives of mixed prose and verse, explanations, verses, spontaneous exclamations, quotations, birth stories, amazing events, question & answer sessions. He doesn't spend the day in Dhamma-study. He doesn't neglect seclusion. He commits himself to internal tranquillity of awareness. This is called a monk who dwells in the Dhamma.

"Now, monk, I have taught you the person who is keen on study, the one who is keen on description, the one who is keen on recitation, the one who is keen on thinking, and the one who dwells in the Dhamma. Whatever a teacher should do — seeking the welfare of his disciples, out of sympathy for them — that have I done for you. Over there are the roots of trees; over there, empty dwellings. Practice jhana, monk. Don't be heedless. Don't later fall into regret. This is our message to you."

Note

1. The earliest classifications of the Buddha's teachings.

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Re: AN 5.73: Dhamma-viharin Sutta — One Who Dwells in the Dhamma

Post by mikenz66 » Fri May 08, 2015 11:54 pm

From Bhikkhu Bodhi's translation:
“It is said, Bhante, ‘one who dwells in the Dhamma, one who dwells in the Dhamma.’ [1074] In what way is a bhikkhu one who dwells in the Dhamma?”
  • [1074] Dhammavihārī. The compound might also have been rendered “one who lives by the Dhamma.”
(2) “Again, a bhikkhu teaches the Dhamma to others in detail as he has heard and learned it. He passes the day communicating the Dhamma [1075] but neglects seclusion and does not devote himself to internal serenity of mind. This is called a bhikkhu who is absorbed in communication, not one who dwells in the Dhamma.
  • [1075] I read with Ce dhammasaññattiyā here and saññattibahulo just below, as against Be and Ee dhammapaññattiyā and paññattibahulo respectively.

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Re: AN 5.73: Dhamma-viharin Sutta — One Who Dwells in the Dhamma

Post by cooran » Sat May 09, 2015 7:07 am

Thanks Mike. This is a very powerful sutta, and emphasises the importance of an individual's practice.

With metta,
Chris
---The trouble is that you think you have time---
---Worry is the Interest, paid in advance, on a debt you may never owe---
---It's not what happens to you in life that is important ~ it's what you do with it ---

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Re: AN 5.73: Dhamma-viharin Sutta — One Who Dwells in the Dhamma

Post by Dhammakid » Sat May 09, 2015 5:00 pm

Thanks Mike. This is great.

:anjali:

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Re: AN 5.73: Dhamma-viharin Sutta — One Who Dwells in the Dhamma

Post by mikenz66 » Sun May 10, 2015 2:41 am

Piya Tan has an article on this sutta here:
http://dharmafarer.org/wordpress/sutta- ... y/sd-40-49
Specifically here:
http://dharmafarer.org/wordpress/wp-con ... 3-piya.pdf

Piya Tan mentions the next Sutta, AN 5.74 in his discussion. I give Bhikkhu Bodhi's translation here so that it can be compared with AN 5.73. The key difference is the replacement of "internal serenity/tranquility" by "understanding with wisdom". Clearly, both are key aspects of awakening.
  • AN 5.74 One Who Dwells in the Dhamma (2)

    Then a certain bhikkhu approached the Blessed One, paid homage to him, sat down to one side, and said:

    “It is said, Bhante, ‘one who dwells in the Dhamma, one who dwells in the Dhamma.’ In what way is a bhikkhu one who dwells in the Dhamma?”

    (1) “Here, bhikkhu, a bhikkhu learns the Dhamma—the discourses, mixed prose and verse, expositions, verses, inspired utterances, quotations, birth stories, amazing accounts, and questions-and-answers—but he does not go further and understand its meaning with wisdom.[1077] This is called a bhikkhu who is absorbed in learning, not one who dwells in the Dhamma.

    (2) “Again, a bhikkhu teaches the Dhamma to others in detail as he has heard and learned it, but he does not go further and understand its meaning with wisdom. This is called a bhikkhu who is absorbed in communication, not one who dwells in the Dhamma.

    (3) “Again, a bhikkhu recites the Dhamma in detail as he has heard it and learned it, but he does not go further and understand its meaning with wisdom. This is called a bhikkhu who is absorbed in recitation, not one who dwells in the Dhamma.

    (4) “Again, a bhikkhu ponders, examines, and mentally inspects the Dhamma as he has heard it and learned it, but he does not go further and understand its meaning with wisdom. This is called a bhikkhu who is absorbed in thought, not one who dwells in the Dhamma.

    (5) “Here, a bhikkhu learns the Dhamma—the discourses, mixed prose and verse, expositions, verses, inspired utterances, quotations, birth stories, amazing accounts, and questions-and-answers—but he goes further and understands its meaning with wisdom. It is in this way that a bhikkhu is one who dwells in the Dhamma.

    “Thus, bhikkhu, I have taught the one absorbed in learning, [89] the one absorbed in communication, the one absorbed in recitation, the one absorbed in thought, and the one who dwells in the Dhamma. Whatever should be done by a compassionate teacher out of compassion for his disciples, seeking their welfare, that I have done for you. These are the feet of trees, these are empty huts. Meditate, bhikkhu, do not be heedless. Do not have cause to regret it later. This is our instruction to you.”
    • Note
      [1077] Uttariṃ c’assa paññāya atthaṃ nappajānāti. Mp: “Beyond his learning, he does not understand the meaning of that Dhamma by path wisdom together with insight; he does not see and penetrate the four [noble] truths” (tato pariyattito uttariṃ tassa dhammassa sahavipassanāya maggapaññāya atthaṃ nappajānāti, cattāri saccāni na passati nappaṭivijjhati).

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