Sārambha (Rivalry)

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canadianbuddhist
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Sārambha (Rivalry)

Post by canadianbuddhist » Fri Sep 28, 2018 1:42 pm

Can somebody tell me what is Sārambha and some textual references for that?

Thank you.

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Sam Vara
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Re: Sārambha (Rivalry)

Post by Sam Vara » Fri Sep 28, 2018 4:15 pm

The concise P.E.D. gives
impetuosity; anger; involving danger to living beings.
In this sutta (AN 4.193) it is the word which Sujato translates as "aggression".
Does hate … or delusion … or aggression come up in a person for their welfare or harm?” “Harm, sir.” “An aggressive individual kills living creatures, steals, commits adultery, lies, and encourages others to do the same. Is that for their lasting harm and suffering?” “Yes, sir.”
Bhikkhu Bodhi renders it as "vehemence", saying
BHSD defines sarambha as "quarrelsomeness", and connects the word with Skt. samrambha, which SED explains as "the act of grasping or taking hold of", and gives as meanings "vehemence...impetuosity, fury, wrath against." Since the sutta speaks about sarambha occurring through body speech and mind, I settle for "vehemence".
(AN translation note 909, on the same sutta).

In the Dhammapada, we have v. 133
Speak not harshly to anyone, for those thus spoken to might retort. Indeed, angry speech hurts, and retaliation may overtake you.
Where sarambha is "harsh/angry speech". Thanissaro translates the same term here as "contentious talk".

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