ToVincent wrote: ↑
Mon Sep 30, 2019 1:25 pm
2. But MOST IMPORTANTLY, anupassī would mean "contemplateor" if a nupassī was a noun.
But anupassī is an adjective
The adjective from the verb "to notice" is "noticeable" - or from the verb "to perceive", the adjective is "perceivable". (As in "discerning").
Dhammanando & doodoot are keen on grammar when they want to, aren't they?
I'm consistently keen on Pali grammar. If you yourself were keen on it, or were just willing to spend a few hours on it, you might have learned by now that...
In Pali, as in English, whatever word may serve as an adjective may serve also as a noun.
In Pali, in contrast with English, one cannot always know with certainty when a word is serving as an adjective or as a noun. Whereas in English this can be seen from the use of a definite article ("the good, the true and the beautiful,"how are the mighty fallen") or an indefinite article ("a philological incompetent like ToVincent"), in Pali there are no devices for indicating this.
Consequently the distinction between nouns and adjectives in Pali is nowhere near as obvious or as cut and dried as it is in English. Much of the time one simply has no idea if a word is functioning as one or the other. Suppose, for example, we are tasked with translating the salutation:
namo tassa bhagavato arahato sammāsambuddhassa
The words bhagavā
may each be either an adjective or a noun:
: blessed / blessed one
: worthy / worthy one
: perfectly awakened / perfectly awakened one
And the word tassa
might be either a demonstrative pronoun ('to him') or a demonstrative adjective ('to that').
And so there are numerous plausible ways of translating the above salutation:
Homage to him who is blessed, worthy and perfectly awakened!
Homage to him, the Blessed One, Worthy One, Perfectly Awakened One!
Homage to that Blessed One, Worthy One, Perfectly Awakened One!
A combination of the two:
Homage to that Blessed One who is worthy and perfectly awakened!
Homage to that blessed Worthy One who is perfectly awakened!
Homage to that blessed and worthy Perfectly Awakened One!
Homage to him, the blessed Worthy One who is perfectly awakened!