"ta" in arahatta

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Coëmgenu
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"ta" in arahatta

Post by Coëmgenu » Thu Jul 26, 2018 4:30 pm

[Split from another thread]
Dhammanando wrote:
Wed Jul 25, 2018 4:10 am
With the arising of the path of arahatta, bhava and avijjā āsava are destroyed.
If it please you, is the "ta" in arahatta here the same 'ta' what forms adjectives like in suñña
?
如無為,如是難見、不動、不屈、不死、無漏、覆蔭、洲渚、濟渡、依止、擁護、不流轉、離熾焰、離燒然、流通、清涼、微妙、安隱、無病、無所有、涅槃。
Like this is the uncreated, like this is that which is difficult to realize, with no moving, no bending, no dying. Utterly lacking secretions and smothered in the dark, it is the island shore. Where there is ferrying, it is the crossing. It is dependency's ceasing, it is the end of circulating transmissions. It is the exhaustion of the flame, it is the ending of the burning. Flowing openly, pure and cool, with secret subtlety, and calm occultation, lacking ailment, lacking owning, nirvāṇa.
Asaṁskṛtadharmasūtra, Sermon on the Uncreated Phenomenon, T99.224b7, Saṁyuktāgama 890

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Dhammanando
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Re: "ta" in arahatta

Post by Dhammanando » Thu Jul 26, 2018 5:53 pm

Coëmgenu wrote:
Thu Jul 26, 2018 4:30 pm
[Split from another thread]
Dhammanando wrote:
Wed Jul 25, 2018 4:10 am
With the arising of the path of arahatta, bhava and avijjā āsava are destroyed.
If it please you, is the "ta" in arahatta here the same 'ta' what forms adjectives like in suñña
?
No, the ending is -tta (= Sanskrit -tva), the same as found in abstract nouns like naggattaṃ (the state of being naked, nakedness); nānattaṃ (the state of being diverse, diversity); mohattaṃ (the state of being deluded); sātattaṃ (sweetness), etc. As a former of abstract nouns it has the same function as -tā but the nouns that it forms are neuter rather than feminine.

If one wished to form a term for “arahantship” using the -tā suffix, then it would be arahantatā, but this is a very late and rare coinage found only in a couple of ṭīkās from Sri Lanka's mediaeval period.

For arahattaṃ there is also the commentarial nirukti:

Arahattaṃ attani asantaṃ ‘atthi me’ ti

“Arahantship means the non-existence of [the conceit] ‘This is mine’ within oneself.”
“Keep to your own pastures, bhikkhus, walk in the haunts where your fathers roamed.
If ye thus walk in them, Māra will find no lodgement, Māra will find no foothold.”
— Cakkavattisīhanāda Sutta

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