"ta" in arahatta

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Coëmgenu
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"ta" in arahatta

Post by Coëmgenu » Thu Jul 26, 2018 4:30 pm

[Split from another thread]
Dhammanando wrote:
Wed Jul 25, 2018 4:10 am
With the arising of the path of arahatta, bhava and avijjā āsava are destroyed.
If it please you, is the "ta" in arahatta here the same 'ta' what forms adjectives like in suñña
?
世尊在靈山會上拈華示眾眾皆默然唯迦葉破顏微笑世尊云
The Lord dwelt at the Vulture Peak with the assembly and plucked a flower as a teaching. The myriad totality were silent, save for Kāśyapa, whose face cracked in a faint smile. The Lord spoke.
吾有正法眼藏涅槃妙心實相無相微妙法門不立文字教外別傳付囑摩訶迦葉。
I have the treasure of the true dharma eye, I have nirvāṇa as wondrous citta, I know signless dharmatā, the subtle dharma-gate, which is not standing on written word, which is external to scriptures, which is a special dispensation, which is entrusted to Mahākāśyapa.

नस्वातोनापिपरतोनद्वाभ्यांनाप्यहेतुतः

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Dhammanando
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Re: "ta" in arahatta

Post by Dhammanando » Thu Jul 26, 2018 5:53 pm

Coëmgenu wrote:
Thu Jul 26, 2018 4:30 pm
[Split from another thread]
Dhammanando wrote:
Wed Jul 25, 2018 4:10 am
With the arising of the path of arahatta, bhava and avijjā āsava are destroyed.
If it please you, is the "ta" in arahatta here the same 'ta' what forms adjectives like in suñña
?
No, the ending is -tta (= Sanskrit -tva), the same as found in abstract nouns like naggattaṃ (the state of being naked, nakedness); nānattaṃ (the state of being diverse, diversity); mohattaṃ (the state of being deluded); sātattaṃ (sweetness), etc. As a former of abstract nouns it has the same function as -tā but the nouns that it forms are neuter rather than feminine.

If one wished to form a term for “arahantship” using the -tā suffix, then it would be arahantatā, but this is a very late and rare coinage found only in a couple of ṭīkās from Sri Lanka's mediaeval period.

For arahattaṃ there is also the commentarial nirukti:

Arahattaṃ attani asantaṃ ‘atthi me’ ti

“Arahantship means the non-existence of [the conceit] ‘This is mine’ within oneself.”

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