In the sutta referenced above, SN 35.116, the definition of "loka" is only the six senses without bases. No objects and no consciousness are explicitly mentioned and therefore, in congruence with SN 12.44, we must assume multiple meanings for the word that would include both the six senses and their bases.
If we do not assume this then "the loka" in SN 35.116 must be defined as a world that has not originated and is a non-experience as it is just bases and has not met with objects to form consciousness yet as detailed in the definition of "the origin of the loka" in SN 12.44.
Regardless of whether we assume this or not, these two suttas require the use of the word through multiple meanings as each sutta is defining them differently.
And from a note to SN 2.26, in which the word loka is used in two distinct ways, we have Bhikkhu Bodhi explaining it's use as a homonym by referencing Spk:
In another sutta, SN 49 (9), Stingy, we have mention of "Yama's world" (yamaloka). Bhikkhu Bodhi has this in his note to that sutta, in reference to the line "They might be reborn in hell, In the animal realm or Yama's world":180 Spk: Rohitassa posed his question about the end of the world with reference to the stellar world-sphere (cakka-vala-loka), but the Blessed one answered with reference to the world of formations (sankhara-loka).
So Bhikkhu Bodhi seems to interpret the word in the usual sense as "domain" as opposed to the six senses. Otherwise "yamaloka" would mean "Yama's senses" and not "the domain of ghosts", which would render the ghosts senseless since this would, if kept in strict line with SN 35.116, imply only Yama's sense bases without objects and would rule out the plural of the ghosts being referenced by "They" in "They might be reborn"."Yama's world" (yamaloka) here evidently refers to the pettivisaya, the domain of ghosts. Yama is the lord of death
So from this it seems the word "loka" has multiple and broad reaching meanings and cannot be confined to simply "the six sense bases without objects". I am sure someone with a broader understanding of Pali and the suttas could elucidate further.