The path of the dry-insight worker --- sukkhavipassaka

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robertk
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The path of the dry-insight worker --- sukkhavipassaka

Post by robertk » Sun May 19, 2019 4:32 am

This thread will document some of the basis and evidence for the path of the sukkhavipassaka, as detailed in the Pali Canon and Commentaries.

It is also an appendix for this more wide ranging, and less technical thread: viewtopic.php?t=15952

I would like to acknowledge the work of Tzungkuen Wen, whose phd thesis collected many useful references. http://tkwen.sutta.org/A%20Study%20of%2 ... _final.pdf

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Re: The path of the dry-insight worker --- sukkhavipassaka

Post by robertk » Sun May 19, 2019 5:01 am

We sometimes read, or hear, that Jhana, that extraordinary, superhuman state of absorption is needed to attain Nibbana..

Let us look at https://suttacentral.net/sn22.88/en/sujato
88. With Assaji, from the Khandhasamyutta nikaya
“Sir, I’m not all right, I’m not getting by. My pain is terrible and growing, not fading, its growing is evident, not its fading.”

“I hope you don’t have any remorse or regret?”

“Indeed, sir, I have no little remorse and regret.”

“I hope you have no reason to blame yourself when it comes to ethical conduct?”

“No sir, I have no reason to blame myself when it comes to ethical conduct.”

“In that case, Assaji, why do you have remorse and regret?”

“Sir, before my time of illness I meditated having completely stilled the physical process. But now I can’t get immersion. Since I can’t get immersion, I think: ‘May I not decline!’”

“Assaji, there are ascetics and brahmins for whom samādhi is the essence, equating immersion with the ascetic life. They think: ‘May we not decline!’

What do you think, Assaji? Is form permanent or impermanent?”

“Impermanent, sir.” … “Is consciousness permanent or impermanent?” … “So you should truly see … Seeing this … They understand: ‘… there is no return to any state of existence.’
If they feel a pleasant feeling, they understand that it’s impermanent, that they’re not attached to it, and that they don’t relish it. If they feel a painful feeling, they understand that it’s impermanent, that they’re not attached to it, and that they don’t relish it. If they feel a neutral feeling, they understand that it’s impermanent, that they’re not attached to it, and that they don’t relish it. If they feel a pleasant feeling, they feel it detached. If they feel a painful feeling, they feel it detached. If they feel a neutral feeling, they feel it detached. Feeling the end of the body approaching, they understand: ‘I feel the end of the body approaching.’ Feeling the end of life approaching, they understand: ‘I feel the end of life approaching.’ They understand: ‘When my body breaks up and my life is over, everything that’s felt, being no longer relished, will become cool right here.’

Suppose an oil lamp depended on oil and a wick to burn. As the oil and the wick are used up, it would be extinguished due to lack of fuel. In the same way, feeling the end of the body approaching, they understand: ‘I feel the end of the body approaching.’ Feeling the end of life approaching, they understand: ‘I feel the end of life approaching.’ They understand: ‘When my body breaks up and my life is over, everything that’s felt, being no longer relished, will become cool right here.’”
Note the section: “Assaji, there are ascetics and brahmins for whom samādhi is the essence, equating immersion with the ascetic life. They think:
“Ye te, assaji, samaṇabrāhmaṇā samādhisārakā samādhisāmaññā tesaṃ taṃ samādhiṃ appaṭilabhataṃ evaṃ hoti:

So the Buddha clearly indicates that it is not Samadhi that is the essence. He then gives a discourse about the khandhas and at the end Asaaji, despite having lost his ability to reside in jhana, attains arahat.


Here are some notes from BhikkhuBodhi's translation

Spk: He kept tranquillizing in-and-out breathing when
he dwelt in the fourth jhba, where breathing ceases (36:ll;
IV 217,s-9). Because he had fallen away from all the meditative
absorptions that he had previously attained, he
thought, "Let me not fall away from the Teaching."
174 Spk: Samlidhidra& samddhisrimariiili ti samddhim yeva slrrafi
ca sdmafifiafi ca mafiiianti. "In my Teaching that is not the
essence; the essence is insight, path, and fruit."

175 Spk says that at the end of the Buddha's exposition of the
three characteristics, Assaji attained arahantship. Spk
explains that the Buddha introduces the following passage
to show the arahant's constant abiding. See too 12:51,
where the same text is coupled with a different simile. The
present version is also at 36:7, 36:8, and 548.e

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Re: The path of the dry-insight worker --- sukkhavipassaka

Post by Virgo » Sun May 19, 2019 5:15 am

Hi Robert, thanks for starting this thread.

"While the meditator is thus practising the exercise of noticing with unhindered mind, the noticing mind will close in upon and fix on whatever object is being noticed, and the act of noticing will proceed without break. At that time there arises in him in uninterrupted succession “the concentration of mind lasting for a moment,” directed to each object noticed. This is called purification of mind.¹⁸

Though that concentration has only momentary duration, its power of resistance to being overwhelmed by opposition corresponds to that of access concentration.

In the Commentary to the Visuddhimagga, in the explanation of the chapter relating to mindfulness of breathing, it is said thus: “‘Momentary unification of mind’ means the concentration of mind lasting only for a moment. For that (type of concentration), too, when it occurs uninterruptedly with its respective object in a single mode and is not overcome by opposition, fixes the mind immovably, as if in absorption.”

“It occurs uninterruptedly with its respective object” refers to the uninterrupted continuity of the thoughts engaged in noticing; after noticing one object, one attends, in the same manner, to another that follows immediately;¹⁹ again, having noticed that object, one turns to the next one, and so on.

“In a single mode” means: though the objects to be noticed, as they present themselves, are numerous and varied, yet the force of concentration of the mind uninterruptedly engaged in noticing remains virtually on the same level. For what is meant here is: just as the first object was noticed with a certain degree of concentration, so the second, third, and other subsequent objects are noticed in each case with the same degree of concentration."

http://aimwell.org/progress.html#r18
Kevin

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Re: The path of the dry-insight worker --- sukkhavipassaka

Post by robertk » Sun May 19, 2019 5:29 am

From Dhammapala's commentary on the Theragāthā.
And, those who, after having abided just in momentary concentration, establish insight and
attain the highest path are named sukkhavipassaka because from the beginning and through
the middle [of their practice], their insight has been dry due to the absence of any connection
with the jhāna factors born from concentration
in vipassanā.
Ye pana khaṇikasamādhi-matte ṭhatvā vipassanaṃ paṭṭhapetvā adhigata-agga-maggā, te ādito
antarantarā ca samādhi-jena jhān’aṅgena vipassanâbbhantara-paṭisandhānānaṃ abhāvā sukkhā vipassanā etesan ti
sukkhavipassakā nāma.Th-a III 208,38–209,3

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Re: The path of the dry-insight worker --- sukkhavipassaka

Post by robertk » Sun May 19, 2019 5:43 am

Yes of course there must be momentary concentration

[Visuddhimagga, Chapter I paragraph 6]
6. In some instances this path of purification is taught by insight alone, [3] according
as it is said:
“Formations are all impermanent:
When he sees thus with understanding
And turns away from what is ill,
That is the path to purity” (Dhp 277).
[3] “The words ‘insight alone’ are meant to exclude not virtue, etc., but serenity (i.e.
jhána), which is the opposite number in the pair, serenity and insight. This is for
emphasis. But the word ‘alone’ actually excludes only that concentration with distinction
[of jhána]; for concentration is classed as both access and absorption (see IV.32). Taking this stanza as the teaching for one whose vehicle is insight does not imply that there is no concentration; for no insight comes about without momentary concentration. And again, insight should be understood as the three contemplations of impermanence,
pain, and not-self; not contemplation of impermanence alone” (Vism-mhþ 9–10)

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Re: The path of the dry-insight worker --- sukkhavipassaka

Post by budo » Sun May 19, 2019 8:29 am

robertk wrote:
Sun May 19, 2019 5:01 am
We sometimes read, or hear, that Jhana, that extraordinary, superhuman state of absorption is needed to attain Nibbana..

Let us look at https://suttacentral.net/sn22.88/en/sujato
88. With Assaji, from the Khandhasamyutta nikaya
“Sir, I’m not all right, I’m not getting by. My pain is terrible and growing, not fading, its growing is evident, not its fading.”

“I hope you don’t have any remorse or regret?”

“Indeed, sir, I have no little remorse and regret.”

“I hope you have no reason to blame yourself when it comes to ethical conduct?”

“No sir, I have no reason to blame myself when it comes to ethical conduct.”

“In that case, Assaji, why do you have remorse and regret?”

“Sir, before my time of illness I meditated having completely stilled the physical process. But now I can’t get immersion. Since I can’t get immersion, I think: ‘May I not decline!’”

“Assaji, there are ascetics and brahmins for whom samādhi is the essence, equating immersion with the ascetic life. They think: ‘May we not decline!’

What do you think, Assaji? Is form permanent or impermanent?”

“Impermanent, sir.” … “Is consciousness permanent or impermanent?” … “So you should truly see … Seeing this … They understand: ‘… there is no return to any state of existence.’
If they feel a pleasant feeling, they understand that it’s impermanent, that they’re not attached to it, and that they don’t relish it. If they feel a painful feeling, they understand that it’s impermanent, that they’re not attached to it, and that they don’t relish it. If they feel a neutral feeling, they understand that it’s impermanent, that they’re not attached to it, and that they don’t relish it. If they feel a pleasant feeling, they feel it detached. If they feel a painful feeling, they feel it detached. If they feel a neutral feeling, they feel it detached. Feeling the end of the body approaching, they understand: ‘I feel the end of the body approaching.’ Feeling the end of life approaching, they understand: ‘I feel the end of life approaching.’ They understand: ‘When my body breaks up and my life is over, everything that’s felt, being no longer relished, will become cool right here.’

Suppose an oil lamp depended on oil and a wick to burn. As the oil and the wick are used up, it would be extinguished due to lack of fuel. In the same way, feeling the end of the body approaching, they understand: ‘I feel the end of the body approaching.’ Feeling the end of life approaching, they understand: ‘I feel the end of life approaching.’ They understand: ‘When my body breaks up and my life is over, everything that’s felt, being no longer relished, will become cool right here.’”
Note the section: “Assaji, there are ascetics and brahmins for whom samādhi is the essence, equating immersion with the ascetic life. They think:
“Ye te, assaji, samaṇabrāhmaṇā samādhisārakā samādhisāmaññā tesaṃ taṃ samādhiṃ appaṭilabhataṃ evaṃ hoti:

So the Buddha clearly indicates that it is not Samadhi that is the essence. He then gives a discourse about the khandhas and at the end Asaaji, despite having lost his ability to reside in jhana, attains arahat.


Here are some notes from BhikkhuBodhi's translation

Spk: He kept tranquillizing in-and-out breathing when
he dwelt in the fourth jhba, where breathing ceases (36:ll;
IV 217,s-9). Because he had fallen away from all the meditative
absorptions that he had previously attained, he
thought, "Let me not fall away from the Teaching."
174 Spk: Samlidhidra& samddhisrimariiili ti samddhim yeva slrrafi
ca sdmafifiafi ca mafiiianti. "In my Teaching that is not the
essence; the essence is insight, path, and fruit."

175 Spk says that at the end of the Buddha's exposition of the
three characteristics, Assaji attained arahantship. Spk
explains that the Buddha introduces the following passage
to show the arahant's constant abiding. See too 12:51,
where the same text is coupled with a different simile. The
present version is also at 36:7, 36:8, and 548.e

This doesn't prove dry insight, it just means jhana without dhamma (fourth sattipathana) won't lead to liberation.

Notice that the people who had jhanas attain arahantship, but the people who never entered jhana attain stream entry path at best.

The more concentration one had achieved in the past, the higher the ariya attainment upon first hearing the dhamna.

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Re: The path of the dry-insight worker --- sukkhavipassaka

Post by robertk » Mon May 20, 2019 4:16 am

According to the Sārasaṅgaha, ( a compendium book of Theravādin
doctrines, written by Siddhattha Thera -13th –14th centuries, see Tzungkuen Wen p 150.)
The purification of the mind, for a serenity-vehicle practitioner, is the eight attainments
together with access concentration. But, for a practitioner with the insight-vehicle, it is just
the access concentration, or when access concentration is absent, it is momentary
concentration.
Sārasaṅgaha 107,38-40: Cittavisuddhi nāma samathayānikassa sa-upacārā aṭṭhasamāpattiyo, vipassanāyānikassa
pana kevalam upacārasamādhi vā tasmim asati khaṇikasamādhi vā.
thus possibly 2 types of Sukkhavipassaka- those who attain access, and those who merely have khanika samadhi.
However it could be that the passage is referring to different stages of the path of insight?

We know that for the sukkhavipassaka, at the time of attaining nibbana , the flash of path moment is classified as Jhana - because although momentary the concentration factor is intense for those moments.
the Atthasalini - The expositor PTS (translator : maung tin).
P58. Triplets in the Matika

The Discourse on LOKUTTARA (transcendental).

"He cultivates the Jhana means that he evolves, produces the ecstatic jhana of one momenatry flash of consciousness. because it goes forth from the world, from the round of rebirths, this is jhana called going out...This is not like that which is known as 'leading to accumulation' which heaps up and increases rebirths by the moral(kusala) consciousness of the three planes[includes kusala such as giving as well as all levels of "mundane" jhana]
"

So it could be the passage where concentration is 'access' is referring to the moments of vipassana nana - where again concentration is naturally deeper , albeit momentary, than in normal daily life or during preliminary satipatthana. See here:
Momentary one-pointedness of mind is the concentration lasting only for a moment. This
concentration, when occurring uninterruptedly on its object in a single mode and is not
overcome by its opponent, fixes the mind immovably, as if in absorption
Vism-mhṭ I 342: Khaṇikacittekaggatāti khaṇamattaṭṭhitiko samādhi. So pi hi ārammaṇe nirantaraṃ ekākārena
pavattamāno paṭipakkhena anabhibhūto appito viya cittaṃ niccalaṃ ṭhapeti.

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Re: The path of the dry-insight worker --- sukkhavipassaka

Post by robertk » Mon May 20, 2019 4:54 am

It should be noted that khanikasamadhi mentioned in the texts must arise in conjunction with right view.

In the Visuddhimagga,
“In some instances this path of purification is taught exactly by insight alone”
The tika explains:
The term “exactly by insight alone” rejects serenity by the emphasis [of “eva”] because
serenity, not morality etc., is the counterpart of insight. By the word “only” (matta) which
conveys the sense of distinction, it rejects distinctive concentration, which consists of access
and absorption. Being an instruction for an insight-vehicle practitioner it does not reject
simple concentration, for no insight comes about without momentary concentration
V
ism-mhṭ I 11CS: Vipassanāmattavasenevāti avadhāraṇena samathaṃ nivatteti. So hi tassā paṭiyogī, na sīlādi.
Matta-saddena ca visesanivatti-atthena savisesaṃ samādhiṃ nivatteti. So upacārappanābhedo vipassanāyānikassa
desanāti katvā na samādhimattaṃ. Na hi khaṇikasamādhiṃ vinā vipassanā sambhavati.

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Re: The path of the dry-insight worker --- sukkhavipassaka

Post by robertk » Mon May 20, 2019 5:09 am

What satipatthana is suitable for the dry insight worker?
And for a serenity-vehicle practitioner who is slow-witted, the first satipaṭṭhāna is the path
to purification because the sign is obtainable with little trouble; and for the quick-witted the
second satipaṭṭhāna is the path to purification because of his not becoming steadied on a
coarse object.
Also for an insight-vehicle practitioner who is slow-witted, the third
satipaṭṭhāna, which is not greatly divided up as to the object, is the path to purification; and
for the quick-witted the fourth satipaṭṭhāna, which is greatly divided up as to the object, is
the path to purification.
Ps Papañcasūdanī (MN-a) I 239,19-24: Samathayānikassa ca mandassa akicchena adhigantabbanimittaṃ paṭhamaṃ satipaṭṭhānaṃ
visuddhimaggo, tikkhassa oḷārikârammaṇe asaṇṭhahanato dutiyaṃ. Vipassanāyānikassa pi mandassa
nâtippabhedagatârammaṇaṃ tatiyaṃ, tikkhassa atippabhedagatârammaṇaṃ catutthaṃ. (= Sv III 754,13-18; Vibh-a
215,13-18) Cf. Ñāṇamoli, 1987, p. 271–272.
However the sub-commentary says:
But, the mind of insight-vehicle practitioner rejoices in subtle phenomena, therefore,
contemplation of mind and contemplation of the dhammas
are respectively said to be the
path to purification of insight-vehicle practitioner who is slow-witted and who is
quick-witted.
Ps-pṭ Papañcasūdanī-purāṇaṭīkā (= Dutiyā Līnatthapakāsinī) I 339CS: Vipassanāyānikassa pana sukhume citte dhammesu ca cittaṃ pakkhandatīti
cittadhammānupassanānaṃ mandatikkhapaññā- vipassanāyānikānaṃ visuddhimaggatā vuttā.
It should be noted that the subcommentary of the Manorathapūraṇī suggests:
The dry-insight practitioner, as a rule, adheres to meditation through the analysis of the four
elements. Therefore, the commentator mentions “the bhikkhu who practises the meditation
of elements as a dry-insight practitioner”

Mp-ṭ Manorathapūraṇī-ṭīkā II 37 CS: Sukkhavipassako yebhuyyena catudhātuvavatthānamukhena kammaṭṭhānā- bhinivesī hotī ’ti āha
sukkhavipassakassa dhātukammaṭṭhānikabhikkhunoti.

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Re: The path of the dry-insight worker --- sukkhavipassaka

Post by robertk » Mon May 20, 2019 5:43 am

an interesting passage here:

Cullaniddesaṭṭhakathā about the methods that lead to the enlightenment of
(paccekabodhisatto) as dry-insight practitioner
Here, I am going to show the way to describe in brief the insight of the Individual Buddha.
An Individual-Buddha-To-Be who intends to comprehend matter and mentality, having
entered and emerged from any jhāna of the eight attainments, form-sphere or formless,
determines the jhānic factors such as “initial application” and its associated phenomena such
as “contact” in terms of their characteristic, function, manifestation and proximate cause,
and defines that all these are mentality in the sense that they bend towards the object. After
that, searching for its condition he understands that it arises depending on the “heart-base”.
Further, having seen the [four] essentials that are condition of the [heart-]base and the
derived matter, he finds out that all these are matter because they are molested. Again, he
defines matter and mentality in brief: “mentality is of the characteristic of bending; matter is
of the characteristic of being molested”. This is said of one with the serenity vehicle. Further,
a dry-insight practitioner defines the [four] essentials and derived matters by means of the
“analysis of the four elements”
and understands that all these are matter because they are
molested. After that, non-material phenomena, which arise depending on the eye and so on,
present themselves to one who defines the matter in this way. After that, having taken all
these non-material phenomena together under the characteristic of bending, he understands
this to be mentality. He defines in two ways: “This is matter, this is mentality.” Having
defined thus, he sees “Except for matter and mentality, there exists no other being, person,
god or brahma.

Nidd2-a Cullaniddesaṭṭhakathā (= Saddhammapajjotikā) 102,6-26: Tattha nāmarūpapariggahaṃ kātukāmo pacceka-bodhisatto rūpārūpa-aṭṭha-samāpattīsu yaṃ kiñci
jhānaṃ samāpajjitvā vuṭṭhāya vitakkādīni jhānaṅgāni ca taṃ-sampayutte ca phassādayo dhamme lakkhaṇa-rasa-paccupaṭṭhāna-padaṭṭhānavasena paricchinditvā sabbam p’etaṃ ārammaṇābhimukhaṃ namanato
namanatthena nāman ti vavatthāpeti: tato tassa paccayaṃ pariyesanto: ‘hadayavatthuṃ nissāya vattatī’ ti passati.
Puna vatthussa paccayabhūtāni ca upādārūpāni ca passitvā idaṃ sabbaṃ ‘ruppanato rūpan’ ti pariggaṇhāti. Puna
tadubhayaṃ ‘namanalakkhaṇaṃ nāmaṃ, ruppanalakkhaṇaṃ rūpan’ ti evaṃ saṅkhepato nāmarūpaṃ vavatthapeti.
Samathayānikavasen’ etaṃ vuttaṃ. Vipassanāyāniko pana catudhātuvavatthānamukkhena bhūtupādāya-rūpāni
paricchinditvā ‘sabbam p’ etaṃ ruppanato rūpan’ ti passati. Tato evaṃ paricchinnarūpassa cakkhādīni nissāya
pavattamānā arūpadhammā āpātham āgacchanti; tato sabbe pi te arūpadhamme namanalakkhaṇena ekato katvā ‘idaṃ
nāma’ ti passati, so ‘idaṃ nāmaṃ, idaṃ rūpan’ti dvedhā vavatthapeti; evaṃ vavatthapetvā ‘nāmarūpato uddhaṃ añño
satto vā puggalo vā devo vā brahmā vā natthī’ ti passati.



Does this indicate that the 'dry-insight practitioner' has the 4 elements as his preliminary object or is it showing that first the matter is defined and later mentality?

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Re: The path of the dry-insight worker --- sukkhavipassaka

Post by Srilankaputra » Mon May 20, 2019 7:48 am

robertk wrote:
Mon May 20, 2019 5:43 am
Does this indicate that the 'dry-insight practitioner' has the 4 elements as his preliminary object or is it showing that first the matter is defined and later mentality?
I think its the former.

some excerpts from Dhatu-vibhanga sutta.

When you truly see with right understanding, you reject the earth element, detaching the mind from the earth element.
(Evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya disvā pathavīdhātuyā nibbindati, pathavīdhātuyā cittaṃ virājeti.)

When you truly see with right understanding, you reject the water element, detaching the mind from the water element.

When you truly see with right understanding, you reject the fire element, detaching the mind from the fire element.

When you truly see with right understanding, you reject the air element, detaching the mind from the air element.

When you truly see with right understanding, you reject the space element, detaching the mind from the space element.

There remains only consciousness, pure and bright.
(Athāparaṃ viññāṇaṃyeva avasissati parisuddhaṃ pariyodātaṃ.)

….
https://suttacentral.net/mn140/en/sujato
I think when desire and obsession for the rupa aspect is given up the nama aspect becomes automatically apparent.
O seeing one,we for refuge go to thee!
O mighty sage do thou our teacher be!

Paccuppannañca yo dhammaṃ,
Tattha tattha vipassati

“Yato yato mano nivāraye,
Na dukkhameti naṃ tato tato;
Sa sabbato mano nivāraye,
Sa sabbato dukkhā pamuccatī”ti.

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Re: The path of the dry-insight worker --- sukkhavipassaka

Post by auto » Mon May 20, 2019 12:47 pm

samadhi is how you experience khandhas, after right view* you know khandhas to be impermanent hence khanika/momentary samadhi.
*hmm not right view but right mindfulness.

With jhanas there is no thoughts rising about 'you' entering jhanas. Right samadhi is when you attain union with self.
--
with momentary concentration you can tap the sense of self and defeat urge to move(when you move places to places the mind will duck); this way attain(with a bang- there is no thoughts of you enter or a warning) samadhi a state where your state of being stands still, there where you can recognize the deathless element.
-
peeps underestimate the sense of self, by noticing it you get to a state where you see lights(when first time's) and body turns hot or warm what is not regular origin warmth its warmth from feeling you have done something wrong but in actuality you have not ruined ethical conduct.

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Re: The path of the dry-insight worker --- sukkhavipassaka

Post by robertk » Tue May 21, 2019 5:43 am

While it is pretty much universally accepted that sotapanna's and sakadagami can be dry-insight workers, some recent scholars have cast doubt on Anagami and arahat - based on the fact that Anagami are said to be complete in concentration.
(see Wen p.181).
This can be explained as below.

Anguttara nikaya 4:136 and 4:137 list 4 types
1. complete in neither sīla nor samādhi nor paññā;
2. complete in sīla, but not in the remaining two trainings;
3. complete in the first two trainings,
but not in paññā;
4. complete in all the three trainings.

Manorathapūraṇī has it that
1. the first [kind of person] is a worldly person;
2.the second is a dry insight
practitioner who is either a stream-enter or a once-returner;
3.the third is a non-returner. Since
he obtains jhāna which lasts a moment and serves as the cause of
rebirth [into the fine material sphere], he, even as a dry insight practitioner, is also complete
with concentration.
4. The fourth is an arahant. Since he has abandoned all the adversaries to
virtue etc., he is indeed perfect in every aspect.

Mp III 132,13-22: Chaṭṭhe paṭhamo lokiyamahājano; dutiyo sukkhavipassako sotâpanno ca sakadāgāmī ca; tatiyo
anāgāmī, so hi yasmā taṃ khaṇikam pi uppattinibbattakaṃ jhānaṃ paṭilabhati yeva, tasmā sukkhavipassako pi
samādhismiṃ paripūrakārī yeva; catuttho khīṇâsavo yeva, so hi sabbesaṃ sīlâdi-paccanīkānaṃ pahīnattā sabbattha
paripūrakārī nāma. Sattame pi chaṭṭhe vuttanayen’ eva puggalaparicchedo veditabbo.

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robertk
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Re: The path of the dry-insight worker --- sukkhavipassaka

Post by robertk » Wed May 22, 2019 4:29 am

There is the well known sutta about Susima - who was a sukkhavipassaka arahat , which doesn't need to be repeated here.
Another is
Cakkhupala Thera 1.95:

https://tipitaka.fandom.com/wiki/Thera_1.95:_Cakkhupala
Adapted from the Archaic Translation by Mrs. C.A.F. Rhys Davids.
Commentary (Atthakatha) By Acariya Dhammapala
Note: 'C' in Pali text is pronounced as 'ch' as in 'China'.

t
95. Cakkhupāla
He was reborn in this Buddha-age at Sāvatthī, as the son of a landed proprietor named Mahā-Suvaññā, and received the name of Pāla.[1] He was also called Pāla major, because his younger brother was called Pāla minor. And the parents bound the sons in domestic bonds. But the Lord(Buddha) came to the Jeta Grove, and there Pāla major heard him, and leaving his brother to manage the property entered the Monk’s order. After five years as novice initiate, he went with sixty bhikkhus(monks) to perfect his studies. And they chose a woodland spot near a border village, where the villagers were lay-followers, and he, living in a leaf-hut, practised the duties of a recluse monk.

He was attacked by ophthalmia, and a doctor prescribed for him. But he did not follow the advice, and the disease grew worse. 'Better,' he thought, 'is the allaying of the moral torments (kilesā) than that of eye-disease.' Thus he neglected the latter and worked at his insight, so that eyes and torments perished at the same time. And he became a 'dry-visioned' arahant(enlightened).

Now the village patrons asked the bhikkhus(monks) what had become of the Thera, and, hearing of his blindness, they [89] ministered to his wants full of guilt. Then those bhikkhus(monks) having also won arahantship(enlightenment), they proposed that they should return to Sāvatthito salute the Master; but the Thera said: 'I am weak and blind, and the journey is not without risk. I should hinder you. Do you go first and salute for me the Lord(Buddha) and the great Theras, and tell Pāla minor of my state that he may send a servant to me.' At length they consented to go, after taking leave of their patrons and providing him with a lodging. And they carried out his words, and Pāla minor sent his nephew Pālika. And the bhikkhus(monks) initiated Pālika into monkhood, because the road was not safe for a solitary layman. He went and announced himself to the Thera, and set out with him. Midway, near a village in the forest, a woodcutter's wife was singing. And the novice was charmed by the sound, and, telling his uncle to wait, went and enjoyed with her. The Thera thought: 'Now I heard a woman singing, and my novice stays long. Is he not evilly employed?' The youth returned, saying: 'Let us go, sir.' And the Thera said: 'What! have you been vile?' The novice at length confessed, and the Thera said: 'One so evil shall hold no staff for me. Get you hence!' 'But the way is perilous, and you are blind. How will you go?' 'Fool! even if I lie down and die, yet will I get on, but not with such as you.' Then he uttered this verse:

[95] Andhohaɱ hatanettosmi kantāraddhānapakkanto,||
Sayamāno'pi gacchissaɱ na sahāyena pāpenā' ti.|| ||

[95] All blind am I and perished are mine eyes
And through the jungle's wilderness I move about.
Even then I'll go, and were it lying down,
But not with child of evil as my mate.

Then the other, conscious of his evil action, weeping with outstretched arms, plunged into the forest. But the efficacy of the Thera's virtue made Sakka's(King of gods, also called Indra) throne hot, and the god, in the shape of a man journeying to Sāvatthi, took his staff and brought him that evening to Sāvatthi to the Jeta Grove. And Pāla minor ministered to him all his days.

[1] The full name means Eye-guardian, the father's Great-golden. The story is given in somewhat ampler detail and slightly varied diction in the Dhammapada Commentary on the opening verses of that anthology. Pronounced Chakkhu-.

[2] See Compendium, p. 75.

1.10-5 [95] Commentary on the stanza of Cakkhupālatthera
The stanza starting with Andho’haṃ hatanetto’smi constitutues that of the thera Cakkhupāla. What is the origin? He also, having done devoted deeds of service toward former Buddhas, doing meritorious deeds in this and that existence, was reborn in a family home, at the time of the Blessed One Suddhattha. On having attained the age of intelligence, when the Blessed One had entered parinibbāna, he reverentially offered (pūjesi) to the shrine, after having collected the (asure) flower of flax (umā) when the shrine festival (maha) was being held. On account of that act of merit, he was reborn in the divine world, and having done meritorious deeds, now and then, he wandered about his rounds of repeated rebirths, and was reborn as the son of an estate owner (kuṭumbika) named Mahāsuvanna, in Sāvatthi, when this Buddha arose. They gave him the name Pāla. At the time when he could run about his mother gained another son. His mother and father made his name as Cūḷapāla and they called (vohariṃsu) the other (itaraṃ) as Mahāpāla. Later on, when they had come of age (their parants) bound them down with the tie of household life (gharavandhana). On that occasion the Master resided at the Jetavana (monastery) in Sāvatthi. There, Mahāpāla went to the monastery in the company of the devotees who were on their way to Jetavana, listened to the truth (dhamma) in the presence of the Master, aptly gained pious faith, shifted the responsibility (bhāra) of his estate (kuṭumba) over to his younger (kaniṭṭha) brother even, himself became a monk, gained the full ordination of the Order (upasampadā) lived for five years in the presence of his teachers and preceptors (upajjhā), and when he had spent the lent, he went through the ceremony of candid apology (pavāretvā), collected his mental exercise (kammaṭṭhāna), obrained to the extent of sixty associate bhikkhus(monks), was in search of a residential place congenial to (anukūla) the development of deep meditation (bhāvanā), together with them and living in a leaf-hut (pannassālā) in the forest region, which the devotees dwelling in the village had caused to be built and offered, depending on (nissāya) a certain border-village (paccantagāma), and performed the duties of a monk (samanadhamma). To him, there had arisen an eye-ailment. A physician prepared (sampādetvā) and offered it to him. He did not comform (paṭipajji) to the prescription (vidhāna) as told (vutta) by the physician (vejja). On that account his disease became worse (vaḍḍhi). He became increasingly indifferent (ajjhupekkhitvā) ot his eye-illness saying to himself: “To me, better is (varaṃ) but the mastery (vūpasamana) of the disease of depravity than the allayment of the ailment of my eyes and came to be intent on (yuttapayutto) but the development of spiritual insight (vipassanā). When he was indulging in (ussukkāpenta) in the development of deep meditation (bhāvanā), his eyes as well as his depravity vecame destroyed (bhijjiṃsu) simultaneously (apubbaṃ acarimaṃ). He became an Arahant of ‘dry-visioned’ class (sukkhavipassaka). Hence, has it been said in the Apadāna.--

“When the world-revered, the worthy

recipient of sacred sacrifice, the

Blessed One Suddhattha entered

nibbāna, there was held a great

shrine-festival.

When the festival was being celebrated,

for the great sage Siddhattha, I collected

the (azure) flowers of flax (umā) and

specially offered (abhiropayiṃ) them to

the shrine.

Ninetyfour aeons (kappa) ago, from now,

it was that I specially offered the flowers;

I do not remember any evil existence; this

is the fruitful result of the reverential

offering made to the shrine.

In the ninth aeon (kappa) previous to

this (ito), there arose eithtyfive

sovereigns, very strong world-kings,

with the name of Somadeva.

My depravity had been burnt; …

Buddha’s instruction had been carried

out.
------

During the three
months of the rainy season, Ven. Cakkhupāla decided to use only three postures: walking,
standing, and sitting postures. After one month his eyes begin to
deteriorate..
The commentary of the Dhammapada describes the moment of
his attainment of arahantship in the following words:
At the end of the middle watch, his eyes and his defilements were broken simultaneously.
After having become a dry-insight arahant, he entered and sat down in the chamber.
Dhp-a I 12,16-18: Athassa majjhimayāme atikkante apubbaṃ acarimam akkhīni c’eva kilesā ca pabhijjiṃsu. So
sukkhavipassako arahā hutvā gabbhaṃ pavisitvā nisīdi.
The
commentary to the Theragathā,
“For me, the cessation of the defilement disease is better than the cessation of the eye
disease,” [thinking thus,] he devoted himself to insight meditation, neglecting his eye
disease. When he indulged in mental development, his eyes and defilements were broken
simultaneously. He became a dry-insight arahant.
Th-a I 207,9-13: So ‘akkhi-roga-vūpasamanato kilesa-roga-vūpasamanameva mayhaṃ varan’ ti akkhi-rogaṃ
ajjhūpekkhitvā vipassanāyaṃ yeva yutta-ppayutto ahosi. Tassa bhāvanaṃ ussukkāpentassa apubbaṃ acarimaṃ akkhīni
c’ eva kilesā ca bhijjiṃsu. So sukkha-vipassako arahā ahosi.

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