Exploring Theravāda's connections to other paths - what can we learn from other traditions, religions and philosophies?
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Post by Will » Sat Nov 25, 2017 8:01 pm

This time of year giving is emphasized. Here is a little from the Jewish tradition on Giving: ... ter-10.htm
Wholesome virtuous behavior progressively leads to the foremost. -- AN 10.1

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Re: Charity

Post by DNS » Sun Nov 26, 2017 4:07 am

Rabbi (and astronomer, physician) Maimonides:

Tzedakah (charity)

One of the most widely referred to sections of the Mishneh Torah is the section dealing with tzedakah. In Hilkhot Matanot Aniyim (Laws about Giving to Poor People), Chapter 10:7–14, Maimonides lists his famous Eight Levels of Giving (where the first level is most preferable, and the eighth the least):

1. Giving an interest-free loan to a person in need; forming a partnership with a person in need; giving a grant to a person in need; finding a job for a person in need; so long as that loan, grant, partnership, or job results in the person no longer living by relying upon others.
2. Giving tzedakah anonymously to an unknown recipient via a person (or public fund) which is trustworthy, wise, and can perform acts of tzedakah with your money in a most impeccable fashion.
3. Giving tzedakah anonymously to a known recipient.
4. Giving tzedakah publicly to an unknown recipient.
5. Giving tzedakah before being asked.
6. Giving adequately after being asked.
7. Giving willingly, but inadequately.
8. Giving "in sadness" (giving out of pity): It is thought that Maimonides was referring to giving because of the sad feelings one might have in seeing people in need (as opposed to giving because it is a religious obligation). Other translations say "Giving unwillingly."

I like how it compares to the Dhamma version of giving, as number one is the most preferable and number 8 the least. Number 8 "out of pity" would be considered the near enemy of karuna and not appropriate.

Kiva is one method of doing numbers one and two, where you give to those who are looking to start a business, schooling, pay rent on their shop, etc in various countries and then when that works, they become self-sufficient. And in nearly all cases, you don't know the person you are giving to and they don't know you.

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