Old, New, and Cessation of Kamma
[Presented by Dr.Tep Sastri @ Sariputtadhamma/JTN]
We all want cessation of any bad kamma. But only a few of us, perhaps, care about cessation of ALL kamma.
This wonderful Sutta SN 35.145 is a "must-study" for every Buddhist.
SN 35.145 Kamma.m Sutta: Kamma translated from the Pali by Maurice O'Connell Walshe
"Monks, I will teach you about new kamma and old kamma, about the ceasing of kamma and the path that leads to the ceasing of kamma. Listen well, pay close attention and I will speak.
"What, monks, is old kamma?
"The eye [ear, nose tongue, body (touch), mind], monks, is to be regarded as old kamma, brought into existence and created by volition, forming a basis for feeling. This, monks, is called 'old kamma.'
"And what, monks, is new kamma?
"The action one performs now by body, speech and mind. This monks, is called 'new kamma.'
"When, monks, by ceasing actions of body, speech and mind, one touches liberation, this, monks, is called 'the ceasing of kamma.'
"And what, monks, is the path that leads to the ceasing of kamma?
"It is the Noble Eightfold Path, namely Right View, Right Thought, Right Speech, Right Action, Right Livelihood, Right Effort, Right Mindfulness, Right Concentration. This, monks, is called 'the path that leads to the ceasing of kamma.'
1. Woodward quotes SA [SN commentary] as correctly pointing out that "Eye in itself is not old but it has come about by former actions [i.e., kamma.]"
2. Cf. the classic definition of kamma at AN 6.63: 'cetanaaha.m bhikkhave kamma.m vadaami' "volition, monks, I declare to be kamma" (see A.nguttara Nikaaya: An Anthology translated by Nyaa.naponika Thera, Part II [WH 208-211], p.67).
3. Vedaniiya.m. Hence a basis for craving etc.
4. The same word kamma is used in the Pali.
5. This is really the Third Noble Truth.
6. The word here is kammanta. Right Action is specifically the observance of the first three precepts, i.e., abstaining from killing, theft and sexual misconduct.
7. Kammanirodha-gaaminii-pa.tipadaa. The usual term for the Path is dukkhanirodha-gaaminii-pa.tipadaa "the path (or practice) that leads to the extinction of suffering." Here the link between kamma and dukkha is clearly brought out. Those who have attained the goal do not create even good kamma.
Love Buddha's dhamma,