Well it's a thesis, and (keeping in mind, I'm only a quarter of the way through it) it seems to be spending most of the first section just legitimizing that "Early Buddhism" has any legitimate basis upon which to speak on the subject Economic Philosophy, addressing and ruling out potential objections from the likes of Max Weber.
Many interesting sutta quotations along the way, and whilst it's not yet putting forward a theory as such, the purpose is to show that material and spiritual development may not be merely compatible, but mutually synergistic.
As it is, the main thrust of what's been said to date, in a practical sense, is that it's very important for the lay Buddhist to find appropriate balance between material and spiritual cultivation.
"Do not force others, including children, by any means whatsoever, to adopt your views, whether by authority, threat, money, propaganda, or even education." - Ven. Thich Nhat Hanh
"The uprooting of identity is seen by the noble ones as pleasurable; but this contradicts what the whole world sees." (Snp 3.12)
“One to whom it might occur, ‘I’m a woman’ or ‘I’m a man’. Or ‘I’m anything at all’— Is fit for Mara to address.” (SN 5.2)