Is there some rule that it can't?Sunrise wrote:But how can one word in one teaching have two meanings?Jason wrote:
It can actually be both
The process of dependent co-arising, while predominately mental, is a process of conditionality that's understood to occur moment to moment and over multiple lifetimes, and there's nothing to preclude it from doing both. As I said before, becoming (bhava) is a mental process, which arises due to the presence of clinging (upadana) in the mind with regard to the five-clinging aggregates, and acts as a condition for the birth (jati) of the conceit 'I am,' the self-identification that designates a being (satta).
But it's not logically impossible that a new psycho-physical organism can be also born via the same process at the time of death of the pysical body whereby the last consciousness of a being at the time of death immediately conditions the arising of a new consciousness, hence statements like, "... when a being sets this body aside and is not yet reborn in another body, I designate it as craving-sustained, for craving is its sustenance at that time" (SN 44.9).