A discussion on all aspects of Theravāda Buddhism
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I'm curious as to how beings in the heavenly, hell, and hungry ghost realms procreate.
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I think most (all?) devas are born spontaneously, no procreation, just appearing in a deva realm according to their kamma instantly after the death in their previous life.
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Yes devas (and actually beings reborn in hell) are born spontaneously. This type of rebirth is called opapātika and is part of right view with effluents (mundane):
"atthi sattā opapātikā"
"There are spontaneously reborn beings"
MN 117: Mahācattārīsaka Sutta