ganegaar wrote:I wonder what the meaning of pali word used which got translated as "restrained".
restraint/samvara, Ex: patimokkha-samvara-sila, a very common stock phrase in many suttas: "Here a monk is moral, he lives restrained according to the restraint of the discipline, persisting in right behaviour, seeing danger in the slightest fault, he keeps to the rules of training"
For a Sotapanna, simple obvervance of the Five Precept won't even cut it. It must be observed to such a degree that is "unbroken, untorn, unblemished, unmottled, freeing, praised by the wise, ungrasped, leading to concentration" as emphasized repeatedly in those mentioned suttas. Words aren't enough to describe a truely severe crisis nowadays: the bastardization of the Buddha Dhamma by certain individual who claims all kinds of crazy ideas without a single shred of evidence. Sad to see the Dhamma drum
already got too many pegs in it!