SDC wrote: ↑
Thu Jun 27, 2019 1:28 am
This sounds interesting. Can you unpack it a bit more?
The Pali in SN 12.2 says:
And what are saṅkhārā?
Katame ca, bhikkhave, saṅkhārā?
There are three kinds of saṅkhārā.
Tayome, bhikkhave, saṅkhārā—
kāyasaṅkhāro, vacīsaṅkhāro, cittasaṅkhāro.
The "sankhara" with the line over the 'a', namely, ā
, is plural, according to Pali grammar. In Abhidhamma, there is no line over the 'a', which makes it singular. The word "saṅkhāro" above, ending in "o
", is also singular.
It seems Abhidhamma must make "sankhara" singular because a meritorious volitional formation, a demeritorious volitional formation & an imperturbable volitional formation cannot arise together
during the same mind-moment. Only one of these formations can arise in one mind-moment.
But if SN 12.2 is interpreted as Ven. Nanavira has done, it is possible all three kāyasaṅkhāro
arise in the same mind-moment. For example, if an angry thought from an angry memory arises spontaneously in the mind (without volition), this angry "saṅkhārā
" comprises of each of the three sankharo
, i.e., agitated breathing
, i.e., thoughts of anger
, i.e., perceptions & feelings associated with the angry memory.
The three individual singular types of sankharo above arise at exactly the same time. Thus what arises is not a singular "sankhara" (as in Abhidhamma) but plural "saṅkhārā