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Pali formulas and sentences - Dhamma Wheel

Pali formulas and sentences

Explore the ancient language of the Tipitaka and Theravāda commentaries

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Sekha
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Pali formulas and sentences

Postby Sekha » Sat May 15, 2010 4:13 pm

This thread is similar to "Pali word of the day", but I figured out it would be appropriate to create a separate thread for whole sentences.

So let's begin with the basis:





buddha- Adj.: p.p. of the verb budh-, to awaken. Awakened One, Enlightened One. Here as a noun: a being who has attained nirvana. The historical Buddha Shakyamuni. Acc.Sg.: buddhaṃ.


saraṇa- N.n.: refuge. Acc.Sg.: saraṇaṃ.


verb gam-, to go. Here 1st person singular of active indicative, present tense: I go.


dhamma-, N.m.: Buddha's Teaching. The Law. Derived from the verb dha-, to hold. Thus dhamma "holds the world together". Acc.Sg.: dhammaṃ.


saṅgha-, N.m.: community. The community of the Buddha's followers. It is of two kinds: the saṅgha of lay followers and the saṅgha of monks and nuns. Acc.Sg.: saṅghaṃ.
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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby Sekha » Sat May 15, 2010 4:18 pm

Here is the formula for undertaking the first pancasila:




pana = Skt. [Sanskrit] prana - life breath
ati + pat = attack
pat from patati - to fly, to fall. (From this, Latin praepes - quick, peto - to go for, impetus, attack, etc.) To fall, jump, fall down on.
Panatipata = to cause prana to fall; to attack life breath.


abstinence


pāda: foot ; pādaka: foundation or a basis ; sikkhā: study; discipline ; sikkhana: learning; training
>sikkhāpadam: foundation for the training


undertake
Last edited by Sekha on Sat May 15, 2010 4:22 pm, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby Sekha » Sat May 15, 2010 4:21 pm

Now the second one




a = not
dinn = taking
a + dānā = not given
Adinnādānā = not taking what is not given.


abstinence


pāda: foot ; pādaka: foundation or a basis ; sikkhā: study; discipline ; sikkhana: learning; training
>sikkhāpadam: foundation for the training


undertake
Last edited by Sekha on Sat May 15, 2010 6:22 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby PeterB » Sat May 15, 2010 4:38 pm

Another good idea.... :anjali:

:thumbsup:

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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby Kim OHara » Sat May 15, 2010 11:01 pm


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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby David N. Snyder » Sun May 16, 2010 12:15 am

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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby Sekha » Sun May 16, 2010 12:18 am

Last edited by Sekha on Sun May 16, 2010 12:27 am, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby Kim OHara » Sun May 16, 2010 12:22 am

Thanks, Dukkhanirodha.
:namaste:
Kim

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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby mikenz66 » Sun May 16, 2010 4:34 am


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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby Sekha » Sun May 16, 2010 9:47 am

Where knowledge ends, religion begins. - B. Disraeli

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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby Sekha » Mon May 17, 2010 9:19 am




A-: negative prefix
brahma: (adj.) brahmic
cariyā : conduct; behaviour.
brahma cariyā: holy life
>Abrahma cariyā: non-brahmic behavior = non-celibacy
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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby PeterB » Mon May 17, 2010 9:24 am

Can I make a suggestion Dukkhanirodha ?

I would find it helpful to have a literal and then more coloquial finished statement.

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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby Sekha » Wed May 19, 2010 4:57 pm

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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby Sekha » Wed May 19, 2010 5:09 pm





musā: falsehood; lie
vāda: theory; saying
>musāvāda: lying.


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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby Sekha » Wed May 19, 2010 5:28 pm




pamāda-, N.m.: negligence. Acc.Sg. = pamādaṃ.


V.: to practice, to give oneself up to, to pursue. The verb yuñj- (to join, to unite) with the prefix anu- (along, at, to). 3.Pl.act.in.pres. = anuyuñjanti.


bāla-, N.m.: fool. Nom.Pl. = bālā.


dummedhin-, Adj.m.: foolish, ignorant. Derived from the word medhā-, N.f.: wisdom, intelligence, by adding the possessive suffix -in and then the prefix du- (lacking something, away from). The double m is due to the euphonic combination (du + medhin = dummedhin). Nom.Pl. = dummedhino.


jana-, N.m.: person, man. Nom.Pl. = janā.


appamāda-, N.m.: vigilence, non-negligence. A negated (by the negative prefix a-) word pamāda-, N.m.: negligence. Doubled p is due to the euphonic combination (a + pamāda = appamāda). Acc.Sg. = appamādaṃ.


appamāda-, N.m.: conscientiousness, non-negligence. A negated (by the negative prefix a-) word pamāda-, N.m.: negligence. Doubled p is due to the euphonic combination (a + pamāda = appamāda). Acc.Sg. = appamādaṃ.


conj.: and.


medhāvin-, N.m.: intelligent person, wise one. Nom.Sg. = medhāvī.


dhana-, N.n.: wealth, riches. Acc.Sg. = dhanaṃ.


seṭṭha-, Adj.: best. Acc.Sg.n. = seṭṭhaṃ.


part.: as, like.


V.: protects. The verb root rakkh-. 3.Sg.act.in.pres. = rakkhati.


Last edited by Sekha on Wed May 19, 2010 5:31 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby PeterB » Wed May 19, 2010 5:31 pm

Thank you Dukkhanirodha..

:anjali:

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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby Sekha » Thu May 27, 2010 5:34 pm

This would be an interesting thread, but I don't have the time to keep it up. Although it would be of great benefit, I still have too many even more important and beneficial things to do.

If anyone wants to take it over...
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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby David N. Snyder » Fri May 28, 2010 1:28 am

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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby David N. Snyder » Wed Aug 11, 2010 12:56 pm



'morality of genuine pure conduct', consists in right speech, right bodily action and right livelihood, forming the 3rd, 4th and 5th links of the 8-fold path see: sacca IV.3, 4, 5; cf. Vis.M I. In A. II, 86 it is said:

With regard to those moral states connected with and corresponding to the genuine pure conduct, he is morally strong, morally firm and trains himself in the moral rules taken up by himself. After overcoming the 3 mental chains ego-belief, skeptic doubt and attachment to mere rules and ritual; see: samyojana he becomes one who will be 'reborn 7 times at most' see: sotāpanna and after only seven times more wandering through this round of rebirths amongst men and divine beings, he will put an end to suffering.
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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby David N. Snyder » Thu Aug 12, 2010 2:16 pm



'knowledge consisting in contemplation of danger', is one of the 8 kinds of insight vipassanā that form the 'purification of the knowledge and vision of the path-progress see: visuddhi VI. 4. It is further one of the 18 chief kinds of insight.
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