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Buddhanussati in Visuddhimagga: Nava Guna or Dasa? - Dhamma Wheel

Buddhanussati in Visuddhimagga: Nava Guna or Dasa?

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sukhamanveti
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Buddhanussati in Visuddhimagga: Nava Guna or Dasa?

Postby sukhamanveti » Thu Mar 12, 2009 12:24 am

This may seem like a trivial question, but it is relevant to my research. The Buddhanussati Gatha (see below) is often said to contain Nava Guna ("Nine Qualities") of the Buddha in the Theravadin world. Sometimes, however, a book divides them into 10 by placing a comma, so to speak, between anuttaro and purisadammasarathi, yielding "unsurpassed" and "a leader* of persons to be tamed," rather than an "unsurpassed leader of persons to be tamed." (Green brought this tenfold version to my attention in the Buddha titles thread.) I am interested to know how Buddhagosha divides the qualities or titles in chapter 7 of the Visuddhimagga (a book I do not yet own) or what number the commentaries give. In other words, is the 5th century view nine qualities or ten? Thank you much to anyone who can answer this question for me.

The Buddhanussati Gatha: Iti’ pi so bhagava araham sammasambuddho vijjacaranasampanno sugato lokavidu anuttaro purisadammasarathi sattha devamanussanam buddho bhagava’ti. (in e.g., MN 12 v. 5, etc.)

The Ninefold Interpretation:

“Thus indeed is the Exalted One (1) an accomplished one, (2) a fully-enlightened one, (3) endowed with knowledge and good conduct, (4) well gone or gone to bliss, (5) a knower of the world, (6) an unsurpassed leader of persons to be tamed, (7) a teacher of humans and devas, (8) the awakened or the one who knows, (9) the sublime or exalted.”

1. Arahat
2. Sammasambuddha
3. Vijjacaranasampanna
4. Sugata
5. Lokavidu
6. Anuttara Purisadammasarathi
7. Satha Devamanussanam
8. Buddha
9. Bhagava

*More literally, as the Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary observes, sarathi means either "charioteer" or "trainer of horses." see http://dsal.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/philol ... :1:30.pali
Sīlaṃ balaṃ appaṭimaṃ.
Sīlaṃ āvudhamuttamaṃ.
Sīlamābharaṇaṃ seṭṭhaṃ.
Sīlaṃ kavacamabbhutaṃ.


Virtue is a matchless power.
Virtue is the greatest weapon.
Virtue is the best adornment.
Virtue is a wonderful armor.

Theragatha 614


Sabbapāpassa akaraṇaṃ,
kusalassa upasampadā,
Sacittapariyodapanaṃ,
etaṃ buddhāna sāsanaṃ.


Refraining from all wrong-doing,
Undertaking the good,
Purifying the mind,
This is the teaching of the buddhas.

Dhammapada v. 183/14.5

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Re: Buddhanussati in Visuddhimagga: Nava Guna or Dasa?

Postby Dhammanando » Thu Mar 12, 2009 1:22 am


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Re: Buddhanussati in Visuddhimagga: Nava Guna or Dasa?

Postby green » Thu Mar 12, 2009 2:21 am

I asked the same question, since I was an avid Buddha anusati practitioner, and found the "Nava Guna Gatha" answered my question. However, I am not sure which is older (Visuddhimagga or Nava Guna Gatha?) I assumed the Nava Guna Gatha to be older, since it is a part of Pali devotion...please correct me if I am wrong. :anjali:

"anuttaro" is treated as an entirely different quality from "purisa damma sarathi"...this Gatha however, leaves out "Buddho", I think because it is included in the "sammasambuddho" quality.

So there are actually 9 qualities instead of 10, with 1 quality being a subset of the other quality.

Nava Guna Gatha (Psalm of Nine Qualities)
http://www.buddhanet.net/pdf_file/vandana02.pdf
1. By name He is an Arahant as He is worthy
Even in secret He does no evil
He attained the fruit of Arahantship
To Thee, the Worthy One, my homage be.
2. By wisdom He is Sammasambuddha
By teaching He is Sammasambuddha
A fully Enlightened one is He in the world
To Thee, the fully Enlightened One, my homage be.
3. He is endowed with wisdom and knowledge
His wisdom is made known
The past, future and present He knows
To Thee who is endowed with wisdom and
knowledge, my homage be
4. He is Sugata being self-disciplined
Being beautiful He is Sugata
In the sense of going to the good state of Nibbāna
To Thee, the Sugata, my homage be.
5. By name He is Lokavidu
He knows the past and future
Things, beings and space He knows
To Thee, the Knower of worlds, my homage be.
6. By wisdom and conduct unrivalled is He
Who is the Unrivalled of the world
In this world He is revered as an Incomparable One
That Incomparable One, I salute.
7. O Charioteer, the King Charioteer
A charioteer, a clever trainer is He of Deva
Who is a clever charioteer of the world
And is a respectful charioteer in this world,
That great trainer, I salute.
8. To Devas, Yakkhas and men in this world
He gives the highest fruits
Among those taming the untamed
To Thee, O Remarkable One, my homage be.
9. The Bhagava is repleted with fortune
He has destroyed all passions
He has crossed the ocean of Saṃsāra
To that Blessed One, my homage be.

Nava Guṇa Gāthā
1. Arahaṃ arahoti nāmena —
Arahaṃ pāpaṃ na kāraye
Arahattaphalaṃ patto —
Arahaṃ nāma to namo
2. Sammāsambuddha-ñāṇena —
Sammāsambuddha-desanā
Sammāsambuddha-lokasmiṃ —
Sammāsambuddha te namo
3. Vijjā-caraṇa-sampanno —
Tassa vijjā pakāsitā
Atītānāgatuppanno —
Vijjā-caraṇa te namo
4. Sugato sugatattānam —
Sugato sundaram pi ca
Nibbānaṃ sugatiṃ yan ti —
Sugato nāma to namo
5. Lokavidū ti nāmena —
Atitānāgate vidū
Saṅkhāra-sattamokāse —
Lokavidū nāma te namo
6. Anuttaro ñāṇasīlena —
Yo lokassa anuttaro
Anuttaro pūjalokasmiṃ —
Taṃ namassāmi anuttaro
7. Sārathī sārathī devā —
Yo lokassa susārathī
Sārathīpūjalokasmiṃ —
Taṃ namassāmi sārathī
8. Deva-yakkha-manussānaṃ —
Loke aggaphalaṃ dadaṃ
Adantaṃ damayantānaṃ —
Purisājañña te namo
9. Bhagavā bhagavā yutto —
Bhaggaṃ kilesa-vāhato
Bhaggaṃ samsāra-muttāro —
Bhagavā nāma te namo

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Re: Buddhanussati in Visuddhimagga: Nava Guna or Dasa?

Postby Dhammanando » Thu Mar 12, 2009 4:38 am


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sukhamanveti
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Re: Buddhanussati in Visuddhimagga: Nava Guna or Dasa?

Postby sukhamanveti » Thu Mar 12, 2009 2:10 pm

Thank you, Bhante, for the answer and the sutta quotation.

Ed
Sīlaṃ balaṃ appaṭimaṃ.
Sīlaṃ āvudhamuttamaṃ.
Sīlamābharaṇaṃ seṭṭhaṃ.
Sīlaṃ kavacamabbhutaṃ.


Virtue is a matchless power.
Virtue is the greatest weapon.
Virtue is the best adornment.
Virtue is a wonderful armor.

Theragatha 614


Sabbapāpassa akaraṇaṃ,
kusalassa upasampadā,
Sacittapariyodapanaṃ,
etaṃ buddhāna sāsanaṃ.


Refraining from all wrong-doing,
Undertaking the good,
Purifying the mind,
This is the teaching of the buddhas.

Dhammapada v. 183/14.5

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Re: Buddhanussati in Visuddhimagga: Nava Guna or Dasa?

Postby green » Thu Mar 12, 2009 11:53 pm


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Re: Buddhanussati in Visuddhimagga: Nava Guna or Dasa?

Postby Dhammanando » Fri Mar 13, 2009 12:25 am


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Re: Buddhanussati in Visuddhimagga: Nava Guna or Dasa?

Postby green » Fri Mar 13, 2009 2:32 am


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Re: Buddhanussati in Visuddhimagga: Nava Guna or Dasa?

Postby Dhammanando » Fri Mar 13, 2009 3:37 am


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Re: Buddhanussati in Visuddhimagga: Nava Guna or Dasa?

Postby green » Sat Mar 14, 2009 12:03 am


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Re: Buddhanussati in Visuddhimagga: Nava Guna or Dasa?

Postby DGDC » Thu Sep 22, 2016 11:40 am

The text of Buddhanussati appears many times in the original texts. It is a definition of 'so bhagava', that Lord. Each word that follows Itipi so bhagava, is a unique name. Araham comes from the the word Araha; Sammasambuddho;

The Three words Bhagava Araham Sammasambuddho uniquely identifies Lord Buddha. Bhagava means he was the leader (Sattha) of the disciples. Araham means of Highest Purity; Sammasambuddho is a word representing the unique achievement of Samana Gotama under the Bo tree at Urvela, banks of the Neranjara.

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Re: Buddhanussati in Visuddhimagga: Nava Guna or Dasa?

Postby theY » Sun Sep 25, 2016 1:22 pm

They're just words to access buddhaguṇāni, not important to count.
Person can count navābuddhaguṇāni to 100 words, if they have enough wisdom.

In upālisuttaṃ, upāliupāsaka said 100 buddhaguṇāni words to admire to lord buddha:
Above message maybe out of date. Latest update will be in massage's link.
--------------------------------------------------
Tipitaka memorization is a rule of monks. It isn't just a choice. They must done it.
bahussuto nāma tividho hoti – nissayamuccanako, parisupaṭṭhāpako, bhikkhunovādakoti.


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