30 PĀRAMĪ (The Thirty Perfections of the Buddha)

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30 PĀRAMĪ (The Thirty Perfections of the Buddha)

Postby Subhatto » Mon Jul 01, 2013 1:31 pm

DĀNA PĀRAMĪ SAṂPANNO, DĀNA UPAPĀRAMĪ SAṂPANNO, DĀNA PARAMATTHAPĀRAMĪ SAṂPANNO, METTĀ MAITRĪ KARUNĀ MUDITĀ UPEKKHĀ PĀRAMĪ SAṂPANNO, ITIPI SO BHAGAVĀ.
Endowed with the perfection of giving, endowed with the higher perfection of giving, endowed with the ultimate perfection of giving, endowed with the perfection of loving kindness, friendliness, compassion, sympathetic joy, and equanimity, so indeed is the Blessed One.

SĪLA PĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, SĪLA UPAPĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, SĪLA PARAMATTHAPĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, METTĀ MAITRĪ KARUNĀ MUDITĀ UPEKKHĀ PĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, ITIPI SO BHAGAVĀ.
Endowed with the perfection of virtue, endowed with the higher perfection of virtue, endowed with the ultimate perfection of virtue, endowed with the perfection of loving kindness friendliness, compassion, sympathetic joy, and equanimity, so indeed is the Blessed One.

NEKKHAMMA PĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, NEKKHAMMA UPAPĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, NEKKHAMMA PARAMATTHAPĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, METTĀ MAITRĪ KARUNĀ MUDITĀ UPEKKHĀ PĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, ITIPI SO BHAGAVĀ.
Endowed with the perfection of renunciation, endowed with the higher perfection of renunciation, endowed with the ultimate perfection of renunciation, endowed with the perfection of loving kindness friendliness, compassion, sympathetic joy, and equanimity, so indeed is the Blessed One.

PAŇŇĀ PĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, PAŇŇĀ UPAPĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, PAŇŇĀ PARAMATTHAPĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, METTĀ MAITRĪ KARUNĀ MUDITĀ UPEKKHĀ PĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, ITIPI SO BHAGAVĀ.
Endowed with the perfection of wisdom, endowed with the higher perfection of wisdom, endowed with the ultimate perfection of wisdom, endowed with the perfection of loving kindness friendliness, compassion, sympathetic joy, and equanimity, so indeed is the Blessed One.

VIRIYA PĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, VIRIYA UPAPĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, VIRIYA PARAMATTHAPĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, METTĀ MAITRĪ KARUNĀ MUDITĀ UPEKKHĀ PĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, ITIPI SO BHAGAVĀ.
Endowed with the perfection of energy, endowed with the higher perfection of energy, endowed with the ultimate perfection of energy, endowed with the perfection of loving kindness friendliness, compassion, sympathetic joy, and equanimity, so indeed is the Blessed One.

KHANTI PĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, KHANTI UPAPĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, KHANTI PARAMATTHAPĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, METTĀ MAITRĪ KARUNĀ MUDITĀ UPEKKHĀ PĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, ITIPI SO BHAGAVĀ.
Endowed with the perfection of patience, endowed with the higher perfection of patience, endowed with the ultimate perfection of patience, endowed with the perfection of loving kindness friendliness, compassion, sympathetic joy, and equanimity, so indeed is the Blessed One.

SACCA PĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, SACCA UPAPĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, SACCA PARAMATTHAPĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, METTĀ MAITRĪ KARUNĀ MUDITĀ UPEKKHĀ PĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, ITIPI SO BHAGAVĀ.
Endowed with the perfection of truthfulness, endowed with the higher perfection of truthfulness, endowed with the ultimate perfection of truthfulness, endowed with the perfection of loving kindness friendliness, compassion, sympathetic joy, and equanimity, so indeed is the Blessed One.

ADHIṬṬHĀNA PĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, ADHIṬṬHĀNI UPAPĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, ADHIṬṬHĀNI PARAMATTHAPĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, METTĀ MAITRĪ KARUNĀ MUDITĀ UPEKKHĀ PĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, ITIPI SO BHAGAVĀ.
Endowed with the perfection of resolution, endowed with the higher perfection of resolution, endowed with the ultimate perfection of resolution, endowed with the perfection of loving kindness friendliness, compassion, sympathetic joy, and equanimity, so indeed is the Blessed One.

METTĀ PĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, METTĀ UPAPĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, METTĀ PARAMATTHAPĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, METTĀ MAITRĪ KARUNĀ MUDITĀ UPEKKHĀ PĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, ITIPI SO BHAGAVĀ.
Endowed with the perfection of loving kindness, endowed with the higher perfection of loving kindness, endowed with the ultimate perfection of loving kindness, endowed with the perfection of loving kindness friendliness, compassion, sympathetic joy, and equanimity, so indeed is the Blessed One.

UPEKKHĀ PĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, UPEKKHĀ UPAPĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, UPEKKHĀ PARAMATTHAPĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, METTĀ MAITRĪ KARUNĀ MUDITĀ UPEKKHĀ PĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, ITIPI SO BHAGAVĀ.
Endowed with the perfection of equanimity, endowed with the higher perfection of equanimity, endowed with the ultimate perfection of equanimity, endowed with the perfection of loving kindness friendliness, compassion, sympathetic joy, and equanimity, so indeed is the Blessed One.

DASA PĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, DASA UPAPĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, DASA PARAMATTHAPĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, METTĀ MAITRĪ KARUNĀ MUDITĀ UPEKKHĀ PĀRAMĪ SAMPANNO, ITIPI SO BHAGAVĀ.
Endowed with the ten perfections, endowed with the ten higher perfections, endowed with the ten ultimate perfections, endowed with the perfection of loving kindness friendliness, compassion, sympathetic joy, and equanimity, so indeed is the Blessed One.

BUDDHAṂ SARANAṂ GACCHĀMI
I go for refuge to the Buddha,
DHAMMAṂ SARANAṂ GACCHĀMI
I go for refuge to the Dhamma,
SAṆGHAṂ SARANAṂ GACCHĀMI
I go for refuge to the Saṇgha,
NAMĀMIHAṂ
(Buddha, Dhamma & Saṇgha) Nature within us

The ten Perfections. To select one of the three ports of a wise we need use the ten Perfections. To become a Buddha of all ten in their three levels, for the other two (Silent Buddha and Arahant) it is sufficient to have developed them in a lesser extent. The ten are:

(1) Generosity
This can be characterized by unattached and unconditional generosity, giving and letting go. Giving leads to being reborn in happy states and material wealth. Alternatively, lack of giving leads to unhappy states and poverty. The exquisite paradox in Buddhism is that the more we give - and the more we give without seeking something in return - the wealthier (in the broadest sense of the word) we will become. By giving we destroy those acquisitive impulses that ultimately lead to further suffering.

(2) Morality, virtue, integrity
It is an action that is an intentional effort. It refers to moral purity of thought, word, and deed. The four conditions of morality are chastity, calmness, quiet, and extinguishment, i.e. no longer being susceptible to perturbation by the passions like greed and selfishness, which are common in the world today. Morality refers to overall (principles of) ethical behaviour.

(3) Renunciation
Nekkhamma is a Pali word generally translated as "renunciation" while also conveying more specifically "giving up the world and leading a holy life" or "freedom from lust, craving and desires." In Buddhism's Noble Eightfold Path, renunciation is the first practice associated with "Right Intention." In the Theravada list of ten perfections, renunciation is the third practice of "perfection."

(4) Wisdom
Pañña has been translated as "wisdom," "understanding," "discernment," "cognitive acuity," or "know-how." In some sects of Buddhism, it especially refers to the wisdom that is based on the direct realization of the Four Noble Truths, impermanence, interdependent origination, non-self, emptiness, etc. Wisdom is able to extinguish afflictions and bring about enlightenment.

(5) Energy/Strength, effort
It stands for strenuous and sustained effort to overcome unskillful ways, such as indulging in sensuality, ill will and harmfulness. It stands for the right Endeavour to attain absorption. Effort does not stand for physical strength. It signifies strength of character and the persistent effort for the well-being of others. In the absence of sustained efforts in practicing meditation, craving creeps in and the meditator comes under its influence. Right effort known as strength is, thus, required to overcome unskillful mental factors and deviation from absorption.

(6) Patience
Khantī (Pali) has been translated as patience, forbearance and forgiveness. It is the practice of exercising patience toward behavior or situations that might not necessarily deserve it. It is seen as a conscious choice to actively give patience as if a gift, rather than being in a state of oppression in which one feels obligated to act in such a way.

(7) Truthfulness
Sacca is a Pali word meaning "real" or "true." In early Buddhist literature, truthfulness is often found in the context of the "Four Noble Truths," a crystallization of Buddhist wisdom. In addition, truthfulness is one of the ten perfections that a Bodhisatta must develop in order to become a Buddha.

(8) Resolution, determination
Adhiṭṭhāna (Pali; from adhi meaning "higher" or "best" plus the meaning "standing") has been translated as "decision," "resolution," "self-determination," "will" and "resolute determination." In the late canonical literature of Theravada Buddhism, resolution is one of the ten "perfections", exemplified by the Bodhisatta's resolve to become fully awakened.

(9) Loving-kindness
Mettā (Pali) or Maitri (friendship) has been translated as "loving-kindness," "friendliness," "benevolence," "amity," "friendship," "good will," "kindness," "love," "sympathy," and "active interest in others." It is one of the ten perfections of the Theravada school of Buddhism, and the first of the four Brahmaviharas. Cultivation of Loving-Kindness is a popular form of meditation in Buddhism. The object of Loving-Kindness meditation is loving kindness (love without attachment). Traditionally, the practice begins with the meditator cultivating loving kindness towards themselves, then their loved ones, friends, teachers, strangers, enemies, and finally towards all sentient beings. Commonly, it can be used as a greeting or closing to a letter or note. Buddhists believe that those who cultivate Loving-Kindness will be at ease because they see no need to harbor ill will or hostility. Buddhist teachers may even recommend meditation on Loving-Kindness as an antidote to insomnia and nightmares. It is generally felt that those around a Loving-Kindness-full person will feel more comfortable and happy too. Radiating Loving-Kindness is thought to contribute to a world of love, peace and happiness.

(10) Equanimity
The real meaning of Upekkhā is equanimity, not indifference in the sense of unconcern for others. As a spiritual virtue, Upekkhā means equanimity in the face of the fluctuations of worldly fortune. It is evenness of mind, unshakeable freedom of mind, a state of inner equipoise that cannot be upset by gain and loss, honor and dishonor, praise and blame, pleasure and pain. Equanimity is freedom from all points of self-reference; it is indifference only to the demands of the ego-self with its craving for pleasure and position, not to the well-being of one's fellow human beings. True equanimity is the pinnacle of the four social attitudes that the Buddhist texts call the 'divine abodes': boundless loving-kindness, compassion, altruistic joy, and equanimity. The last does not override and negate the preceding three, but perfects and consummates them.
The Dhamma guide those who practice the Dhamma
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