Pali formulas and sentences

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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby David N. Snyder » Fri Aug 13, 2010 1:29 pm

Vitakka-vicāra

'thought-conception and discursive thinking', or 'applied and sustained thought' are verbal functions vacī-sankhāra see: sankhāra of the mind, the so-called 'inner speech parole interieure They are constituents of the 1st absorption see: Jhanas but absent in the higher absorptions.

1. Thought-conception vitakka is the laying hold of a thought, giving it attention. Its characteristic consists in fixing the consciousness to the object.

2. Discursive thinking vicara is the roaming about and moving to and fro of the mind. It manifests itself as continued activity of mind; Vis.M IV.

1 is compared with the striking against a bell, 2 with its resounding; 1 with the seizing of a pot, 2 with wiping it. Cf. Vis. IV..
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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby David N. Snyder » Sat Aug 14, 2010 2:15 pm

Visesa-bhāgiya-sīla

morality concentration, understanding connected with progress'
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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby David N. Snyder » Sun Aug 15, 2010 2:20 pm

Viriya-sambojjhanga

'energy as link to Awakening', is one of the 7 factors of enlightenment; bojjhanga.
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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby David N. Snyder » Mon Aug 16, 2010 2:51 pm

Vippayutta-paccaya

'dissociation', is one of the 24 conditions; paccaya.
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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby David N. Snyder » Mon Aug 16, 2010 2:56 pm

Vipāka-paccaya

'kamma-result condition' is one of the 24 conditions; paccaya.
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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby David N. Snyder » Tue Aug 17, 2010 1:00 pm

Viññāna-tthiti

'abodes or supports of consciousness'. The texts describe 7 such abodes e.g. A. VII, 41:

1: There are beings who are different in body and different in perception, such as men, some divine beings, and some beings living in states of suffering see: apāya. This is the 1st abode of consciousness.

2: There are beings who are different in body but equal in perception, such as the first-born gods of the Brahmaworld see: deva II. This is the 2nd abode of consciousness.

3: There are beings who are equal in body but different in perception, such as the Radiant Gods ābhassara-deva This is the 3rd abode of consciousness.

4: There are beings who are equal in body and equal in perception, such as the All-illuminating Gods subhakinha-deva This is the 4th abode of consciousness.

5: There are beings... reborn in the sphere of Infinite space. This is the 5th abode of consciousness.

6: There are beings... reborn in the sphere of Infinite consciousness. This is the 6th abode of consciousness.

7: There are beings... reborn in the sphere of nothingness. This is the 7th abode of consciousnes

In D. 33 there are mentioned 4 viññāna-tthiti apparently in the sense of 'bases' of consciousness, namely: materiality, feeling, perception, mental constructions, which in see: XXII, 53 are further explained.
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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby David N. Snyder » Wed Aug 18, 2010 1:40 pm

Viññāna-kicca

'functions of consciousness', as exercised within a process of consciousness or cognitive series cittavīthi In the Abhidhamma Com. and Vis.M XIV the following functions are mentioned: rebirth patisandhi subconsciousness bhavanga, directing āvajjana seeing, hearing, smelling, tasting, body-consciousness; recciving sampaticchana investigating santīrana determining votthapana, impulsion javana registering tadārammana dying cuti.

A single unit of sense-perception e.g. visual consciousness, being conditioned through a sense-organ and its corresponding object, forms in reality an extremely complex process, in which all the single phases of consciousness follow one upon another in rapid succession, while performing their respective functions, e.g.:

As soon as a visible object has entered the range of vision, it acts on the sensitive eye-organ cakkhu-pasāda and conditioned thereby an excitation of the subconscious stream bhavanga-sota takes place.

As soon, however, as subconsciousness is broken off, the functional mind-element see: Tab. I, 70, grasping the object and breaking through the subconscious stream, performs the function of 'adverting' the mind towards the object āvajjana.

Immediately thereupon there arises at the eye-door, and based on the sensitive eye-organ, the visual-consciousness, while performing the function of 'seeing' dassana... Immediately thereafter there arises the mind-element Tab

I, 39, 55 performing the function of 'receiving' sampaticchana the object of that consciousness.

Immediately thereafter there arises... the mind-consciousness-element Tab. I, 40, 41, 56, while 'investigating' santirana the object received by the mind-element...

Immediately thereafter there arises the functional, rootless mind-consciousness-element Tab. I, 71, accompanied by indifference, while performing the function of 'determining' votthapana the object.

Now, if the object is large, then immediately afterwards there flash forth 6 or 7 'impulse moments' javana-citta, constituted by one of the 8 advantageous, or 12 disadvantageous, or 9 functional classes of consciousness Tab. I, 1-8; 22-23; 72-80.

Now, if at the end of the impulse moments, the object at the five-sense doors is very large, and at the mind-door clear, then there arises, once or twice, one of the 8 root-accompanied, kamma-resultant classes of consciousness Tab. I, 42-49 of the sense-sphere, or one of the 3 rootless kamma-resultant mind-consciousness-elements Tab. I, 40, 41, 56. Because this consciousness after the vanishing of the impulse moments, possesses the ability continuing with the object of the subconsciousness, taking the object of the subconsciousness as its own object, therefore it is called 'registering' tadārarmmana lit. 'that object', or 'having that as object'; Vis.M XIV, 115ff.

If, however, the sense-object is weak, then it reaches merely the stage of 'impulsion'javana or of 'determining' votthapana if very weak, only an excitation ot the subconsciousness takes place.

The proeess of the inner or mind-consciousness, i.e. without participation of the 5 physical senses, is as follows: in the case that the mind-objeet entering the mind-door is distinct, then it passes through the stages of 'directing at the mind-door' manodvārāvajjana the 'impulse stage' and the 'registering stage', before finally sinking into the subconscious stream. - App.: citta-vīthi.

Literature: Aids to the Abhidhamma Philosophy, by Dr. C.B Dharmasena with colour chart of the Cognitive Series; WHEEL 63/64. - The Psychology and Philosophy of Buddhism, by Dr. W. F. Javasuriya Buddhist Missionary Socy., Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby David N. Snyder » Thu Aug 19, 2010 1:53 pm

Vikubbanā-iddhi

the 'power of transconstruction', is one of the magical abilities; Iddhi.
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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby David N. Snyder » Fri Aug 20, 2010 2:52 pm

Vikkhambhana-pahāna

'overcoming by repression' or 'suspension', is one of the 5 kinds of overcoming pahana.
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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby David N. Snyder » Sat Aug 21, 2010 2:46 pm

vijja-carana-sampanno

[vijjaa-cara.na-sampanno]

Consummate in knowledge and conduct; accomplished in the conduct leading to awareness or cognitive skill. An epithet for the Buddha.
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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby David N. Snyder » Sun Aug 22, 2010 2:51 pm

Vijjā-carana

'knowledge and conduct'. This expression occurs in those passages in the suttas where the qualities of a Buddha are described, namely: Truly, the Blessed One is holy, is fully enlightened, perfect in knowledge and conduct...; According to Vis.M VII, 1 and D. 3, knowledge vijjā refers here either to the 3-fold knowledge see: te-vijjā or to the 8 kinds of knowledge, namely: the 6 higher spiritual powers abhiññā, insight vipassanā, and magical power iddhi, whilst conduct carana refers to 15 things: moral restraint, watching over the sense-doors, moderation in eating, wakefulness, faith, moral shame, Fear of Wrongdoing, great learning, energy, awareness or mindfulness, understanding and the 4 absorptions.
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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby David N. Snyder » Mon Aug 23, 2010 11:59 am

Vigata-paccaya

'disappearance', is one of the 24 conditions paccaya.
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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby David N. Snyder » Tue Aug 24, 2010 3:38 pm

Vibhava-tanhā

'craving for non-existence', or for self-annihilation.
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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby David N. Snyder » Wed Aug 25, 2010 2:30 pm

Vāyo-kasina

'wind-kasina', is one of the kasina exercises.
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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby David N. Snyder » Thu Aug 26, 2010 2:22 pm

Vāyo-dhātu

'wind-element'
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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby David N. Snyder » Fri Aug 27, 2010 2:59 pm

Vatthu-kāma

'objective sensuality', the 5 sense-objects
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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby David N. Snyder » Sat Aug 28, 2010 1:59 pm

Vāritta-sīla

'morality consisting in avoiding' evil things, as distinguished from 'morality consisting in performing' good things.
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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby David N. Snyder » Sun Aug 29, 2010 2:28 pm

Vacī-sankhāra

'verbal kamma-construction', or 'verbal function'
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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby David N. Snyder » Mon Aug 30, 2010 2:38 pm

Vacī-kamma

'verbal action
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Re: Pali formulas and sentences

Postby David N. Snyder » Tue Aug 31, 2010 3:09 pm

Utu-samutthāna: - utuja-rūpa:

'materiality produced by temperature'; samutthana
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