Abhidhamma View: Recollection of Generosity
[Presented by Dr.Tep Sastri @ sariputtadhamma/JTN]
Vism. p. 220-221 (excerpt):
107. One who wants to develop the recollection of generosity should be naturally devoted to generosity and the constant practice of giving and sharing. Or alternatively, if he is one who is starting the development of it, he should make the resolution:From now on, when there is anyone present to receive, I shall not eat even a single mouthful without having given a gift. And that very day he should give a gift by sharing according to his means and his ability with those who have distinguished qualities. When he has apprehended the sign in that, he should go into solitary retreat and recollect his own generosity in its special qualities of being free from the stain of avarice, etc., as follows:
It is gain for me, it is great gain for me, that in a generation obsessed by the stain of avarice I abide with my heart free from stain by avarice, and am freely generous and open-handed, that I delight in relinquishing, expect to be asked, and rejoice in giving and sharing (A III 287).
108. Herein, it is gain for me: it is my gain, advantage. The intention is: I surely partake of those kinds of gain for a giver that have been commended by the Blessed One as follows: A man who gives life [by giving food] shall have life either divine or human (A III 42), and: A giver is loved and frequented by many (A III 40), and: One who gives is ever loved, according to the wise man's law (A III 41), and so on.
109. It is great gain for me: it is great gain for me that this Dispensation, or the human state, has been gained by me. Why? Because of the fact that I abide with my mind free from stain by avarice and rejoice in giving and sharing.
111. Free from stain by avarice: because of being both free from avarice and from the other stains, greed, hate, and the rest. I abide with my heart: I abide with my consciousness of the kind already stated, is the meaning. But in the sutta,I live the home life with my heart free (A III 287; V 331), etc., is said because it was taught there as a [mental] abiding to depend on [constantly] to Mahaanaama the Sakyan, who was a stream-enterer asking about an abiding to depend on. There the meaning is I live overcoming.
112. Freely generous: liberally generous. Open-handed: with hands that are purified. What is meant is: with hands that are always washed in order to give gifts carefully with one's own hands. That I delight in relinquishing: the act of relinquishing (vossajjana) is relinquishing (vossagga); the meaning is, giving up. To delight in relinquishing is to delight in constant devotion to that relinquishing.
Expect to be asked (yaacayoga): accustomed to being asked (yaacana-yogga) because of giving whatever others ask for, is the meaning. Yaajayoga is a reading, in which case the meaning is: devoted (yutta) to sacrifice (yaaja), in other words, to sacrificing (yajana). And rejoice in sharing: the meaning is, he recollects thus: 'I give gifts and I share out what is to be used by myself, and I rejoice in both'.
113. As long as he recollects his own generosity in its special qualities of freedom from stain by avarice, etc., in this way, then: 'On that occasion his mind is not obsessed by greed, or obsessed by hate, or obsessed by delusion; his mind has rectitude on that occasion, being inspired by generosity' (A III 287).
So when he has suppressed the hindrances in the way already described, the jhaana factors arise in a single conscious moment. But owing to the profundity of the generosity's special qualities, or owing to his being occupied in recollecting the generosity's special qualities of many sorts, the jhaana is only access and does not reach absorption. And that access jhaana is known as recollection of generosity too because it arises with the generosity's special qualities as the means.
Love Buddha's dhamma,