Abhidhamma View : The Twenty-four Conditions
[Presented by Dr.Tep Sastri @ SariputtaDhamma/JTN/Mult]
CMA VIII, p. 303-305:
The following is the method of conditioned relations: 1. root condition, 2. object condition, 3. predominance condition, 4. proximity condition, 5. contiguity condition, 6. conascence condition, 7. mutuality condition, 8. support condition, 9. decisive support condition, 10. prenascence condition, 11. postnascence condition, 12. repetition condition, 13. kamma condition, 14. result condition, 15. nutriment condition, 16. faculty condition, 17. jhaana condition, 18. path condition, 19. association condition, 20. disassociation condition, 21. presence condition, 22. absence condition, 23. disappearance condition, 24. non-disappearance condition.
The twenty-four conditions listed above from the subject matter of the Pa.t.thaana, which presents a detailed exposition of the various ways in which they inter-relate the mental and material phenomena enumerated in the Dhammasanga.nii, the first book of the Abhidhamma teaching on conditional relation: (1) the conditioning states (paccayadhammaa), the phenomena that functions as conditions for other phenomena either by producing them, by supporting them, or by maintaining them; (2) the conditionally arisen states(paccayuppannadhammaa), the states conditioned by the conditioning states, the phenomena that arise and persist in being through the assistance provided by the conditioning states; and (3) the conditioning force of the condition(paccayasatti), the particular way in which the conditioning states function as conditions for the conditioned states.
In the following sections Aacariya Anuruddha will explain how the twenty-four conditions structure the relations between the different classes of phenomena. Instead of proceeding to explicate each condition inthe original order, he classifies the conditioning states and the conditioned states as mind, matter, and mind-and-matter conjoined, and then introduces the conditions pertinent to the relations between these classes in their six permutations. In elaborating upon these sections we will call attention to the three factors involved in each condition when they are not immediately clear from the text.
Application in Brief:
In six ways mind is a condition for mind. In five ways mind is a condition for mind-and-matter. Again, mind is a condition in one way for matter, and matter in one way for mind. In two ways concepts and mind-and-matter are a condition for mind. In nine ways the dyad-- mind-and-matter-- is is a condition for mind-and-matter. Thus the relations are sixfold.
[In the upcoming presentations the sixfold relations will be expounded.]
Love Buddha's dhamma,