dhammarelax wrote:If we consider that animals are killed because we are eating meat hence a vegetarian diet would produce a better Karma, would it be also true for example that if we consider the wars in the middle east waged for oil then using electricity generated using it or driving a car or riding a car would generate unwholesome kamma? it seems that many articles that we consume every day can have an origin that involves unwholesome action, even eating vegetables means that insects have to be killed and if insects are killed then the animals that feed on them are also killed, it seems that the Buddha does not take in account this long consequences but he rather focuses on the immediate action/intention.
It's true. If one stops eating meat because he sees the relationship between his consumption and deaths of animals, why stop there? As you mention, eating vegetables leads to the killing of insects. And everything we do is linked in one way or another to the pain and deaths of some living beings.
Rather than concluding that we should not look into these long-term consequences why not conclude that living is always
associated with harming other living beings, and therefore for their welfare we need to get out of samsara.
Maybe these lines of thoughts should actually be cultivated: they could promote 'saṃvega' and a healthy desire to reduce our harmfulness to other living beings by minimizing our footprint in this world as much as possible.
And the holy life revealed by the Buddha (forest-dwelling rags-wearing mendicants with strong sila etc) is doing, in my opinion, exactly that: it is the life that is probably the least harmful while still in samsara.
Even abstaining from injuring seeds and plants is part of the 'gradual training', a central teaching found many times in the suttas:
MN51 (B. Bodhi transl): "Having thus gone forth and possessing the bhikkhu’s training and way of life, abandoning the killing of living beings, he abstains from killing living beings; with rod and weapon laid aside, conscientious, merciful, he abides compassionate to all living beings. [...] He abstains from injuring seeds and plants. [...] He abstains from wounding, murdering, binding, brigandage, plunder, and violence."
of the desert and the parents eating their child is as well a powerful image of how even the simple act of eating to survive should be seen as harmful.