Attitudes without Objects

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Attitudes without Objects

Postby daverupa » Thu Aug 29, 2013 12:37 am

Here is the abstract for the paper Attitudes without Objects: Evidence for a Dispositional Attitude, its Measurement, and its Consequences:

We hypothesized that individuals may differ in the dispositional tendency to have positive versus negative attitudes, a trait termed the Dispositional Attitude. Across
four studies, we developed a 16-item Dispositional Attitude Measure (DAM) and investigated its internal consistency, test-retest reliability, factor structure, convergent validity, discriminant validity, and predictive validity. DAM scores were (a) positively correlated with positive affect traits, curiosity-related traits, and individual pre-existing attitudes, (b) negatively correlated with negative affect traits, and (c) uncorrelated with theoretically unrelated traits. Dispositional attitudes also significantly predicted the valence of novel attitudes while controlling for theoretically relevant traits (such as the big-five and optimism). The dispositional attitude construct represents a new perspective in which attitudes are not simply a function of the properties of the stimuli under consideration, but are also a function of the properties of the evaluator. We discuss the intriguing implications of dispositional attitudes for many areas of research, including attitude formation, persuasion, and behavior prediction.


For what it's worth; I was somewhat surprised that this was a new perspective...
    "And how is it, bhikkhus, that by protecting oneself one protects others? By the pursuit, development, and cultivation of the four establishments of mindfulness. It is in such a way that by protecting oneself one protects others.

    "And how is it, bhikkhus, that by protecting others one protects oneself? By patience, harmlessness, goodwill, and sympathy. It is in such a way that by protecting others one protects oneself.
- Sedaka Sutta [SN 47.19]
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Re: Attitudes without Objects

Postby retrofuturist » Thu Aug 29, 2013 12:53 am

Greetings,

daverupa wrote:For what it's worth; I was somewhat surprised that this was a new perspective...


:!:

Metta,
Retro. :)
If you have asked me of the origination of unease, then I shall explain it to you in accordance with my understanding:
Whatever various forms of unease there are in the world, They originate founded in encumbering accumulation. (Pārāyanavagga)


Exalted in mind, just open and clearly aware, the recluse trained in the ways of the sages:
One who is such, calmed and ever mindful, He has no sorrows! -- Udana IV, 7


Dharma Wheel (Mahayana / Vajrayana forum) -- Open flower ~ Open book (blog)
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Re: Attitudes without Objects

Postby chownah » Thu Aug 29, 2013 2:15 am

The author is a doctoral candidate at a major uni. For science to study ideas they must (usually) be quantifiable. I think the author is attempting to quantify something that is usually thought of as common sense which may seem pointless to us but is of greater importance for the field of science overall. Things that can be quantized can be elaborated on....things that have not been quantized are either ignored or become a focus of attempts to quantize. Also, in general I think that the author is into studying attitudes (I could be mistaken on this) and attitudes are things we all think we know about (even if we really don't) so his work seems trivial to us.
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Re: Attitudes without Objects

Postby Dan74 » Thu Aug 29, 2013 9:00 am

I will ask my psychologist friend, but I really doubt this is new. More likely this is an old saw in a new garb, which is so common in all areas of science.
_/|\_
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Re: Attitudes without Objects

Postby chownah » Thu Aug 29, 2013 10:37 am

To find out how new this research is or if it is just a refinement of older work a good place to start is to look into the reference list given at the end of the article, then you will get an idea about what related work there is on the topic which predates this work....of course there could have been related work the author chose to ignore.....another good place to look is a key word search of the key words the author gives.....and of course as has been suggested asking someone who works in the field is good too.
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Re: Attitudes without Objects

Postby daverupa » Thu Aug 29, 2013 10:48 am

I feel as though something I've written is being taken as a denigration; since the paper reiterated the newness of the position in the conclusion, I thought it would be interesting to note that this was something which seems accounted for in the Dhamma as well as in folk psychology, while here it is only just now(-ish) an approach to understanding being implemented by a scientific methodology.

So, I apologize for any 'tone', and I thank everyone for their efforts to fill in blanks.
    "And how is it, bhikkhus, that by protecting oneself one protects others? By the pursuit, development, and cultivation of the four establishments of mindfulness. It is in such a way that by protecting oneself one protects others.

    "And how is it, bhikkhus, that by protecting others one protects oneself? By patience, harmlessness, goodwill, and sympathy. It is in such a way that by protecting others one protects oneself.
- Sedaka Sutta [SN 47.19]
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